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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem

Correct each of the following misstatements from Dalton’s atomic theory.

  1. Elements are made of tiny particles called molecules.

  • All atoms of a given element are very similar.
  • The atoms of a given element may be the same as those of another element.
  • A given compound may vary in the relative number and types of atoms depending on the source of the compound.
  • A chemical reaction may involve the gain or loss of atoms as it takes place.
  • Interpretation Introduction

    (a)

    Interpretation:

    Given misstatement from Dalton’s atomic theory should be corrected.

    Concept Introduction

    Dalton’s atomic theory has five postulates:

    1. Tiny particles known as atoms compose elements.
    2. All atoms of a certain elements are identical.
    3. Atoms from an element are different from another type of element.
    4. Atom of same and different elements can combine to form compounds.
    5. A given compound always contain the same proportion by mass of the elements.
    6. Atoms cannot be created or destroyed by chemical reactions. Chemical reactions only change the arrangement of the atoms in a compound.
    Explanation

    According to the first postulate of Dalton’s atomic theory, elements a...

    Interpretation Introduction

    (b)

    Interpretation:

    Given misstatement from Dalton’s atomic theory should be corrected.

    Concept Introduction

    Dalton’s atomic theory has five postulates:

    1. Tiny particles known as atoms compose elements.
    2. All atoms of a certain elements are identical.
    3. Atoms from an element are different from another type of element.
    4. Atom of same and different elements can combine to form compounds.
    5. A given compound always contain the same proportion by mass of the elements.
    6. Atoms cannot be created or destroyed by chemical reactions. Chemical reactions only change the arrangement of the atoms in a compound.
    Interpretation Introduction

    (c)

    Interpretation:

    Given misstatement from Dalton’s atomic theory should be corrected.

    Concept Introduction

    Dalton’s atomic theory has five postulates:

    1. Tiny particles known as atoms compose elements.
    2. All atoms of a certain elements are identical.
    3. Atoms from an element are different from another type of element.
    4. Atom of same and different elements can combine to form compounds.
    5. A given compound always contain the same proportion by mass of the elements.
    6. Atoms cannot be created or destroyed by chemical reactions. Chemical reactions only change the arrangement of the atoms in a compound.
    Interpretation Introduction

    (d)

    Interpretation:

    Given misstatement from Dalton’s atomic theory should be corrected.

    Concept Introduction

    Dalton’s atomic theory has five postulates:

    1. Tiny particles known as atoms compose elements.
    2. All atoms of a certain elements are identical.
    3. Atoms from an element are different from another type of element.
    4. Atom of same and different elements can combine to form compounds.
    5. A given compound always contain the same proportion by mass of the elements.
    6. Atoms cannot be created or destroyed by chemical reactions. Chemical reactions only change the arrangement of the atoms in a compound.
    Interpretation Introduction

    (e)

    Interpretation:

    Given misstatement from Dalton’s atomic theory should be corrected.

    Concept Introduction

    Dalton’s atomic theory has five postulates:

    1. Tiny particles known as atoms compose elements.
    2. All atoms of a certain elements are identical.
    3. Atoms from an element are different from another type of element.
    4. Atom of same and different elements can combine to form compounds.
    5. A given compound always contain the same proportion by mass of the elements.
    6. Atoms cannot be created or destroyed by chemical reactions. Chemical reactions only change the arrangement of the atoms in a compound.

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