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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 1

As a result of the severe left heart failure and increased pulmonary blood pressure in the case, fluid moved out of the pulmonary capillaries and into the extracapillary spaces. The pathologic process caused the thickness of the alveolar-capillary membrane to______

Summary Introduction

To review:

The given blank space in the statement, “As a result of severe heart failure and increased pulmonary blood pressure in the case, the fluid moved out of the pulmonary capillaries and into the extracellular spaces. The pathologic process caused the thickness of the alveolar-capillary membrane to ___________.”

Introduction:

In the given case, a patient, 68 years old, suffering from pulmonary edema has been admitted to a hospital. The heart rate of the patient was found to be weak, 93 beats per minute, with respiratory rate of 28 breaths per minute with shallow breathing. The arterial pressure is decreased to 53 mm Hg (millimeter of mercury).

Please refer to Clinical Application Case-1 for further information.

Explanation

In the given case, the movement of fluid into the extra-capillary spaces results in the increase of the thickness of alveolar-capillary membrane. It is the alveolar-capillary system through which oxygen is diffused into the blood. Since the fluid is released in the extra capillary space, the thickness between alveolar space and capillaries increases...

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