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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw condensed structural formulas for each of the following saturated straight-chain aldehydes or ketones or indicate that such a structure cannot exist.

  1. a. C1 aldehyde
  2. b. C2 ketone
  3. c. C3 aldehyde
  4. d. C4 ketone

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula for C1 aldehyde has to be drawn and if the structure is not possible, this has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.13EP , additional homework tip  1

An aldehyde is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom directly.  The other group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

A ketone is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two other carbon atoms directly.  The groups attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

Explanation

Carbonyl group contains a carbon atom and an oxygen atom.  The bond between carbon and oxygen in a carbonyl group is a double bond.  Given description is that the aldehyde contains only one carbon atom.  This means the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two hydrogen atoms...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula for C2 ketone has to be drawn and if the structure is not possible, this has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.13EP , additional homework tip  2

An aldehyde is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom directly.  The other group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

A ketone is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two other carbon atoms directly.  The groups attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula for C3 aldehyde has to be drawn and if the structure is not possible, this has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.13EP , additional homework tip  3

An aldehyde is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom directly.  The other group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

A ketone is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two other carbon atoms directly.  The groups attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula for C4 ketone has to be drawn and if the structure is not possible, this has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4, Problem 4.13EP , additional homework tip  4

An aldehyde is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom directly.  The other group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

A ketone is a carbonyl compound in which the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to two other carbon atoms directly.  The groups attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.

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