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2nd Edition

Ball + 3 others

Publisher: Wadsworth Cengage Learning,

ISBN: 9781133958437

Chapter 4, Problem 4.32E

Textbook Problem

Use equation 4.25 to argue that the Gibbs energy always increases as the pressure increases while at constant

Physical Chemistry

Ch. 4 - List the sets of conditions that allow dS, dU, and...Ch. 4 - Explain why conditions for using S>0 as a strict...Ch. 4 - Explain how the equation dU+pdVTdS0 is consistent...Ch. 4 - Explain why the spontaneity conditions given in...Ch. 4 - Prove that the adiabatic free expansion of an...Ch. 4 - Derive equation 4.6 from equation 4.5.Ch. 4 - Derive equation 4.8 from equation 4.7.Ch. 4 - The third part of equation 4.9 mentions a...Ch. 4 - Calculate A for a process in which 0.160mole of an...Ch. 4 - What is the maximum amount of non-pV work that can...

Ch. 4 - Consider a piston whose compression ratio is 10:1;...Ch. 4 - When one dives, water pressure increases by 1atm...Ch. 4 - Calculate G(25C) for this chemical reaction, which...Ch. 4 - Thermodynamic properties can also be determined...Ch. 4 - Calculate G in two different ways for the...Ch. 4 - Calculate G in two different ways for the...Ch. 4 - For the reaction C(graphite)C(diamond) at 25C,...Ch. 4 - Determine G for the following reaction at 0C and...Ch. 4 - What is the maximum amount of electrical that is,...Ch. 4 - When a person performs work, it is non-pV work....Ch. 4 - Can non-pV work be obtained from a process for...Ch. 4 - Can pV work be obtained from a process for which...Ch. 4 - Batteries are chemical systems that can be used to...Ch. 4 - The value of G for any phase change at constant p...Ch. 4 - The value of G for any phase change at constant p...Ch. 4 - Under what conditions is A=0 for a phase change?...Ch. 4 - Example 4.2 calculated A for one step of a Carnot...Ch. 4 - Can CV and Cp be easily defined using the natural...Ch. 4 - Analogous to equation 4.26, what is the expression...Ch. 4 - Show that dS=dV+(S/p)V(S/p)VdT where is the...Ch. 4 - Show that the units in equations 4.18-4.25 are...Ch. 4 - Use equation 4.25 to argue that the Gibbs energy...Ch. 4 - Although ideally, U=H=0 for a gas-phase process at...Ch. 4 - Use equations 4.21 and 4.25 to explain why H and G...Ch. 4 - Derive equations 4.35-4.37.Ch. 4 - Which of the following functions are exact...Ch. 4 - Show that (S/p)T=V.Ch. 4 - Starting with the natural variable equation for...Ch. 4 - When changes in the conditions of a system are...Ch. 4 - Equation 4.19 says that (UV)S=p If we are...Ch. 4 - For an isentropic process, what is the approximate...Ch. 4 - Use the ideal gas law to demonstrate the cyclic...Ch. 4 - Show that for an ideal gas, [Cp(UT)p(Hp)S(pT)V]=0Ch. 4 - Show that (VS)T=1 where is the expansion...Ch. 4 - Evaluate (U/V)T for an ideal gas. Use the...Ch. 4 - Evaluate (U/V)T for a van der Waals gas. Use the...Ch. 4 - Repeat the previous exercise for a gas that...Ch. 4 - Determine an expression for (p/S)T for an ideal...Ch. 4 - Determine the value of the derivative {[(G)]/T}p...Ch. 4 - Derive the equivalent of the Gibbs-Helmholtz...Ch. 4 - A plot of 1/T versus G/T has what slope?Ch. 4 - A 0.988-mole sample of argon expands from 25.0L to...Ch. 4 - A 3.66-mol sample of He contracts from 15.5L to...Ch. 4 - Verify the manipulation of equation 4.41 into...Ch. 4 - Verify that you can get equation 4.44 from...Ch. 4 - Use the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation to demonstrate...Ch. 4 - For the equation 2H2(g)+O2(g)2H2O(g)...Ch. 4 - Use equation 4.46 as an example and find an...Ch. 4 - What is the value of G when 1.00mol of water at...Ch. 4 - a For 1.00molH2O at 25C see previous exercise,...Ch. 4 - Propose a form of the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation for...Ch. 4 - Like the entropy of mixing, a Gibbs energy of...Ch. 4 - Why is there no n variable in equation 4.55 like...Ch. 4 - What does (T)p equal? Hint: See equation 4.40.Ch. 4 - What is the change in the chemical potential of a...Ch. 4 - Is an extensive or intensive variable? What about...Ch. 4 - Write the fundamental equation of chemical...Ch. 4 - Calculate the molar change in chemical potential...Ch. 4 - Calculate the change in chemical potential of an...Ch. 4 - Can equation 4.62 be used to calculate for an...Ch. 4 - Which, if either, in each pair of systems do you...Ch. 4 - Of helium and oxygen gases, which one do you...Ch. 4 - Suppose a gas has an equation of state that...Ch. 4 - Use equation 4.39 to determine a numerical value...Ch. 4 - The following table lists the compressibilities of...Ch. 4 - Consider 1.00mol total of two gases A and B....

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