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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Name the functional group(s) present in each of the following compounds.

  1. a. Butanone
  2. b. Butanal
  3. c. 2-Butanol
  4. d. 3-Oxobutanal

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Functional group(s) present in the given compound has to be named.

Concept Introduction:

Functional group in an organic molecule is the feature that is directly involved in most of the chemical reactions in which the molecule takes part.  Functional group present in a compound determines its chemical properties.  Some of the basic functional groups that are encountered in organic chemistry are alcohol, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, ether etc.  Each and every functional group has its own characteristics.  Alcohol functional group is OH, aldehyde functional group is CHO, ketone functional group is CO, ether functional group is O, carboxylic acid functional group is COOH and ester functional group is COOR.  The functional groups can be identified from the names of the compound itself.  Alcohol means the name must contain –ol in the end or hydroxy in the name.  Aldehyde means the name must contain –al.  Ketone means the name must contain –one.  Ether means the name must contain ether in the end or –oxy in the middle.

Explanation

Given name of the compound is butanone.  From the name it is found that suffix “-one” is present...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Functional group(s) present in the given compound has to be named.

Concept Introduction:

Functional group in an organic molecule is the feature that is directly involved in most of the chemical reactions in which the molecule takes part.  Functional group present in a compound determines its chemical properties.  Some of the basic functional groups that are encountered in organic chemistry are alcohol, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, ether etc.  Each and every functional group has its own characteristics.  Alcohol functional group is OH, aldehyde functional group is CHO, ketone functional group is CO, ether functional group is O, carboxylic acid functional group is COOH and ester functional group is COOR.  The functional groups can be identified from the names of the compound itself.  Alcohol means the name must contain –ol in the end or hydroxy in the name.  Aldehyde means the name must contain –al.  Ketone means the name must contain –one.  Ether means the name must contain ether in the end or –oxy in the middle.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Functional group(s) present in the given compound has to be named.

Concept Introduction:

Functional group in an organic molecule is the feature that is directly involved in most of the chemical reactions in which the molecule takes part.  Functional group present in a compound determines its chemical properties.  Some of the basic functional groups that are encountered in organic chemistry are alcohol, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, ether etc.  Each and every functional group has its own characteristics.  Alcohol functional group is OH, aldehyde functional group is CHO, ketone functional group is CO, ether functional group is O, carboxylic acid functional group is COOH and ester functional group is COOR.  The functional groups can be identified from the names of the compound itself.  Alcohol means the name must contain –ol in the end or hydroxy in the name.  Aldehyde means the name must contain –al.  Ketone means the name must contain –one.  Ether means the name must contain ether in the end or –oxy in the middle.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Functional group(s) present in the given compound has to be named.

Concept Introduction:

Functional group in an organic molecule is the feature that is directly involved in most of the chemical reactions in which the molecule takes part.  Functional group present in a compound determines its chemical properties.  Some of the basic functional groups that are encountered in organic chemistry are alcohol, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, ether etc.  Each and every functional group has its own characteristics.  Alcohol functional group is OH, aldehyde functional group is CHO, ketone functional group is CO, ether functional group is O, carboxylic acid functional group is COOH and ester functional group is COOR.  The functional groups can be identified from the names of the compound itself.  Alcohol means the name must contain –ol in the end or hydroxy in the name.  Aldehyde means the name must contain –al.  Ketone means the name must contain –one.  Ether means the name must contain ether in the end or –oxy in the middle.

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