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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

What is the IUPAC name of the aldehyde or ketone starting material needed to make each of the following compounds using an oxidation or reduction reaction?

a.CH3─CH2─CH2─OH

b.Chapter 4, Problem 4.88EP, What is the IUPAC name of the aldehyde or ketone starting material needed to make each of the , example  1

Chapter 4, Problem 4.88EP, What is the IUPAC name of the aldehyde or ketone starting material needed to make each of the , example  2

Chapter 4, Problem 4.88EP, What is the IUPAC name of the aldehyde or ketone starting material needed to make each of the , example  3

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of aldehyde or ketone that is required to prepare the given compound either by oxidation or reduction has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry, oxidation reaction is referred to the number CO bonds increase and/or number of CH bonds decrease.

In organic chemistry, reduction reaction is referred to the number CO bonds decrease and/or number of CH bonds increase.

Alcohols undergo oxidation reaction and reduction reaction.  This depends upon the number of hydrogen atoms that is bonded to the alpha carbon atom.  Primary and secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction while tertiary alcohol does not undergo oxidation reaction.  Primary alcohols undergo oxidation to give aldehyde and carboxylic acid as product.  Secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation to give ketone as the product.

Aldehyde undergoes oxidation to give carboxylic acid as the product while ketone does not undergo oxidation reaction.

The reverse of oxidation reaction is reduction reaction.  Reduction of aldehyde gives primary alcohol as the product and reduction of ketone gives secondary alcohol as the product.  Reduction can be accomplished using hydrogen gas and a metal catalyst namely nickel.

Explanation

Given compound structure is,

This is a primary alcohol.  Aldehyde on reduction gives primary alcohol as the product.  The given alcohol contains two carbon atoms.  On reduction of aldehyde to primary alcohol, there is no change in the number of carbon atoms...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of aldehyde or ketone that is required to prepare the given compound either by oxidation or reduction has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry, oxidation reaction is referred to the number CO bonds increase and/or number of CH bonds decrease.

In organic chemistry, reduction reaction is referred to the number CO bonds decrease and/or number of CH bonds increase.

Alcohols undergo oxidation reaction and reduction reaction.  This depends upon the number of hydrogen atoms that is bonded to the alpha carbon atom.  Primary and secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction while tertiary alcohol does not undergo oxidation reaction.  Primary alcohols undergo oxidation to give aldehyde and carboxylic acid as product.  Secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation to give ketone as the product.

Aldehyde undergoes oxidation to give carboxylic acid as the product while ketone does not undergo oxidation reaction.

The reverse of oxidation reaction is reduction reaction.  Reduction of aldehyde gives primary alcohol as the product and reduction of ketone gives secondary alcohol as the product.  Reduction can be accomplished using hydrogen gas and a metal catalyst namely nickel.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of aldehyde or ketone that is required to prepare the given compound either by oxidation or reduction has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry, oxidation reaction is referred to the number CO bonds increase and/or number of CH bonds decrease.

In organic chemistry, reduction reaction is referred to the number CO bonds decrease and/or number of CH bonds increase.

Alcohols undergo oxidation reaction and reduction reaction.  This depends upon the number of hydrogen atoms that is bonded to the alpha carbon atom.  Primary and secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction while tertiary alcohol does not undergo oxidation reaction.  Primary alcohols undergo oxidation to give aldehyde and carboxylic acid as product.  Secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation to give ketone as the product.

Aldehyde undergoes oxidation to give carboxylic acid as the product while ketone does not undergo oxidation reaction.

The reverse of oxidation reaction is reduction reaction.  Reduction of aldehyde gives primary alcohol as the product and reduction of ketone gives secondary alcohol as the product.  Reduction can be accomplished using hydrogen gas and a metal catalyst namely nickel.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name of aldehyde or ketone that is required to prepare the given compound either by oxidation or reduction has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry, oxidation reaction is referred to the number CO bonds increase and/or number of CH bonds decrease.

In organic chemistry, reduction reaction is referred to the number CO bonds decrease and/or number of CH bonds increase.

Alcohols undergo oxidation reaction and reduction reaction.  This depends upon the number of hydrogen atoms that is bonded to the alpha carbon atom.  Primary and secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction while tertiary alcohol does not undergo oxidation reaction.  Primary alcohols undergo oxidation to give aldehyde and carboxylic acid as product.  Secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation to give ketone as the product.

Aldehyde undergoes oxidation to give carboxylic acid as the product while ketone does not undergo oxidation reaction.

The reverse of oxidation reaction is reduction reaction.  Reduction of aldehyde gives primary alcohol as the product and reduction of ketone gives secondary alcohol as the product.  Reduction can be accomplished using hydrogen gas and a metal catalyst namely nickel.

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