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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

When an alcohol molecule (R─O─H) adds across a carbon–oxygen double bond, which part of the alcohol molecule adds to the carbonyl oxygen atom?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The part of alcohol molecule that adds to the oxygen atom in carbonyl group has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

Aldehydes contain a carbonyl group that is bonded to a hydrogen atom and a carbon atom.  Ketones are compounds that contain a carbonyl group bonded to two carbon atoms.  Aldehydes and ketones undergo addition reaction across the carbonyl group.

Aldehydes and ketones react with alcohol to form hemiacetal as the product.  This reacts with further molecule of aldehyde or ketone to form acetal.

Explanation

Hemiacetal is an addition product that is obtained by reaction between aldehyde or ketone with alcohol.  The general reaction of hemiacetal formation can be given as,

From the above general structure of hemiacetal it is found that it is an organic...

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