BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 4, Problem 5E
Textbook Problem
1 views

Explain the difference between an ionic bond and a covalent bond.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The difference between ionic bond and covalent bond is to be explained.

Concept introduction:

Molecular compounds contain only nonmetals, which are covalently bonded to each other. This bonding is a result of the sharing of valence electrons between the atoms.

An ionic bond is formed between the atoms of metals and nonmetals, where the metal acts as the cation and the nonmetal acts as the anion. Bond formation occurs by the

complete transfer of electrons between the atoms.

An ionic bond is relatively more stable than a covalent bond because there is a balance of charge between the atoms involved in it (cations and anions), and therefore, the species formed are neutral in nature.

Explanation of Solution

A covalent bond is formed between two nonmetals by the sharing of electrons. For example, CCl4 (carbon tetrachloride) is a molecular compound that consists of five nonmetals bonded together by four covalent bond, which is formed by the sharing of valence electrons of the outermost shell of atoms.

An ionic bond is formed between the atoms of metals and those of nonmetals by the gain or loss of electrons

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 4 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 4 - Using Chemical Equation Coefficients as Conversion...Ch. 4 - Which compound is molecular?...Ch. 4 - Locate each of the ions in Table 4.1 on the...Ch. 4 - Why is MgCl2 named magnesium chloride and not...Ch. 4 - A standard-sized packet of salt (like those...Ch. 4 - The coefficients in the chemical reaction 2A+3B...Ch. 4 - Consider the following reaction: 2A+3B2C If you...Ch. 4 - In Chapter 3, we learned that all matter is...Ch. 4 - Name some common everyday compounds.Ch. 4 - What is a chemical formula?Ch. 4 - What kinds of elements form ionic compounds? What...Ch. 4 - Explain the difference between an ionic bond and a...Ch. 4 - What is a molecule? Give an example.Ch. 4 - What determines the properties of molecular...Ch. 4 - What is the difference between a common name for a...Ch. 4 - Give the general form for naming compounds.Ch. 4 - What is a polyatomic ion? Give some examples.Ch. 4 - Give the general form for naming molecular...Ch. 4 - What is formula mass? What is the relationship...Ch. 4 - Explain the numerical relationships inherent in a...Ch. 4 - What is a chemical equation? What are reactants?...Ch. 4 - Why must chemical equations be balanced?Ch. 4 - Explain the numerical relationships inherent in a...Ch. 4 - Chemical Formulas Determine the number of each...Ch. 4 - Determine the number of each type of atom in each...Ch. 4 - Classify each compound as ionic or molecular:...Ch. 4 - Classify each compound as ionic or molecular:...Ch. 4 - Name each compound:...Ch. 4 - Name each compound:...Ch. 4 - Name each compound: a.BCl3b.CO2c.N2OCh. 4 - Name each compound: a.SF6b.N2O4c.SO2Ch. 4 - Name each compound: a.BrF5b.S2F4c.XeF4Ch. 4 - Name each compound: a.SiBr4b.C12Oc.NI3Ch. 4 - Give a chemical formula for each compound: a....Ch. 4 - Give a chemical formula for each compound: a....Ch. 4 - Calculate the formula mass for each compound:...Ch. 4 - Calculate the formula mass for each compound:...Ch. 4 - The formula mass of an unknown compound containing...Ch. 4 - The formula mass of an unknown compound containing...Ch. 4 - Mole Conversions How many moles of CO2 are...Ch. 4 - What is the mass of 2.55 moles of water?Ch. 4 - The active ingredient in aspirin is...Ch. 4 - The active ingredient in Tylenol is acetaminophen...Ch. 4 - Calculate the number of water molecules (H2O) in...Ch. 4 - Acetone (C3H6O) is used as nail polish remover. If...Ch. 4 - Determine the number of sugar molecules in 7.5 g...Ch. 4 - One drop of water from a medicine dropper has a...Ch. 4 - How many chlorine atoms are in each of the...Ch. 4 - How many hydrogen atoms are in each of the...Ch. 4 - Find the number of moles of oxygen in each of the...Ch. 4 - Find the number of moles of nitrogen in each of...Ch. 4 - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends...Ch. 4 - The scientific consensus indicates that adults...Ch. 4 - Determine the mass of iron (in kilograms)...Ch. 4 - Determine the mass of carbon (in kilograms)...Ch. 4 - Balancing Chemical Equations Balance each chemical...Ch. 4 - Balance each chemical equation:...Ch. 4 - Balance each chemical equation:...Ch. 4 - Balance each chemical equation:...Ch. 4 - Water can be synthesized according to the...Ch. 4 - Billions of pounds of urea, CO(NH2)2, are produced...Ch. 4 - Natural gas is burned in homes for heat according...Ch. 4 - A component of acid rain, sulfuric acid, forms by...Ch. 4 - Sugar is a compound that contains C,H,andO. If...Ch. 4 - The Molecular Revolution box Engineering Animals...Ch. 4 - Read the What if . . . Problem Molecules box in...Ch. 4 - For each space-filling molecular model, write a...Ch. 4 - For each chemical reaction, draw in the missing...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
The best way to control salt intake is to cut down on processed and fast foods. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

3-94 (Chemical Connections 3B) What is a medical use of barium sulfate?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

What are genomes?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

An automobile tire is rated to Iasi for 50 (KM) miles. To an order of magnitude, through how many revolutions w...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

Why might you say that an atom is mostly composed of empty space?

Foundations of Astronomy (MindTap Course List)

What is the CCD? How does it affect ooze deposition at great depths?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin