Overhead Assignment: Actual and Normal Activity Compared Reynolds Printing Company specializes in wedding announcements. Reynolds uses an actual job-order costing system. An actual overhead rate is calculated at the end of each month using actual direct labor hours and overhead for the month. Once the actual cost of a job is determined, the customer is billed at actual cost plus 50%. During April, Mrs. Lucky, a good friend of owner Jane Reynolds, ordered three sets of wedding announcements to be delivered May 10, June 10, and July 10, respectively. Reynolds scheduled production for each order on May 7, June 7, and July 7, respectively. The orders were assigned job numbers 115, 116, and 117, respectively. Reynolds assured Mrs. Lucky that she would attend each of her daughters’ weddings. Out of sympathy and friendship, she also offered a lower price. Instead of cost plus 50%, she gave her a special price of cost plus 25%. Additionally, she agreed to wait until the final wedding to bill for the three jobs. On August 15, Reynolds asked her accountant to bring her the completed job-order cost sheets for Jobs 115, 116, and 117. She also gave instructions to lower the price as had been agreed upon. The cost sheets revealed the following information: Reynolds could not understand why the overhead costs assigned to Jobs 116 and 117 were so much higher than those for Job 115. She asked for an overhead cost summary sheet for the months of May, June, and July, which showed that actual overhead costs were $20,000 each month. She also discovered that direct labor hours worked on all jobs were 500 hours in May and 250 hours each in June and July. Required: 1. How do you think Mrs. Lucky will feel when she receives the bill for the three sets of wedding announcements? 2. Explain how the overhead costs were assigned to each job. 3. Assume that Reynolds’s average activity is 500 hours per month and that the company usually experiences overhead costs of $240,000 each year. Can you recommend a better way to assign overhead costs to jobs? Recompute the cost of each job and its price, given your method of overhead cost assignment. Which method do you think is best? Why?

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Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773
BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773

Solutions

Chapter 4, Problem 66C
Textbook Problem

Overhead Assignment: Actual and Normal Activity Compared

Reynolds Printing Company specializes in wedding announcements. Reynolds uses an actual job-order costing system. An actual overhead rate is calculated at the end of each month using actual direct labor hours and overhead for the month. Once the actual cost of a job is determined, the customer is billed at actual cost plus 50%.

During April, Mrs. Lucky, a good friend of owner Jane Reynolds, ordered three sets of wedding announcements to be delivered May 10, June 10, and July 10, respectively. Reynolds scheduled production for each order on May 7, June 7, and July 7, respectively. The orders were assigned job numbers 115, 116, and 117, respectively.

Reynolds assured Mrs. Lucky that she would attend each of her daughters’ weddings. Out of sympathy and friendship, she also offered a lower price. Instead of cost plus 50%, she gave her a special price of cost plus 25%. Additionally, she agreed to wait until the final wedding to bill for the three jobs.

On August 15, Reynolds asked her accountant to bring her the completed job-order cost sheets for Jobs 115, 116, and 117. She also gave instructions to lower the price as had been agreed upon. The cost sheets revealed the following information:

Chapter 4, Problem 66C, Overhead Assignment: Actual and Normal Activity Compared Reynolds Printing Company specializes in

Reynolds could not understand why the overhead costs assigned to Jobs 116 and 117 were so much higher than those for Job 115. She asked for an overhead cost summary sheet for the months of May, June, and July, which showed that actual overhead costs were $20,000 each month. She also discovered that direct labor hours worked on all jobs were 500 hours in May and 250 hours each in June and July.

Required:

  1. 1. How do you think Mrs. Lucky will feel when she receives the bill for the three sets of wedding announcements?
  2. 2. Explain how the overhead costs were assigned to each job.
  3. 3. Assume that Reynolds’s average activity is 500 hours per month and that the company usually experiences overhead costs of $240,000 each year. Can you recommend a better way to assign overhead costs to jobs? Recompute the cost of each job and its price, given your method of overhead cost assignment. Which method do you think is best? Why?

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Chapter 4 Solutions

Managerial Accounting: The Cornerstone of Business Decision-Making
Ch. 4 - Carver Company uses a plantwide overhead rate...Ch. 4 - What is an overhead variance? How is it accounted...Ch. 4 - Is the cost of a job related to the price charged?...Ch. 4 - If a company decides to increase advertising...Ch. 4 - How can a departmental overhead system be...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Describe the difference between...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Assume that a company has decided...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Why is it important to identify and...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Identify some possible causal...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Explain the difference between the...Ch. 4 - Which of the following statements is true? a....Ch. 4 - The ending balance of which of the following...Ch. 4 - In a normal costing system, the cost of a job...Ch. 4 - The predetermined overhead rate equals a. actual...Ch. 4 - The job-order cost sheet is a subsidiary account...Ch. 4 - Applied overhead is a. an important part of normal...Ch. 4 - The overhead variance is overapplied if a. actual...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is typically a job-order...Ch. 4 - Which of the following is typically a...Ch. 4 - When materials are requisitioned for use in...Ch. 4 - When a job is completed, the total cost of the job...Ch. 4 - The costs of a job are accounted for on the a....Ch. 4 - Wilson Company has a predetermined overhead rate...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4A) When a job costing 2,000 is finished...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Those departments responsible for...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Those departments that provide...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) An example of a producing department...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) An example of a support department...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) The method that assigns support...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) The method that assigns support...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) The method that assigns support...Ch. 4 - Predetermined Overhead Rate, Overhead Application...Ch. 4 - Overhead Variance (Over- or Underapplied), Closing...Ch. 4 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 4 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 4 - Prepare Job-Order Cost Sheets, Predetermined...Ch. 4 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 4 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 4 - Predetermined Overhead Rate, Overhead Application...Ch. 4 - Overhead Variance (Over- or Underapplied), Closing...Ch. 4 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 4 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 4 - Prepare Job-Order Cost Sheets, Predetermined...Ch. 4 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 4 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 4 - Job-Order Costing versus Process Costing a....Ch. 4 - Job-Order Costing versus Process Costing a. Auto...Ch. 4 - Calculating the Predetermined Overhead Rate,...Ch. 4 - Calculating the Predetermined Overhead Rate,...Ch. 4 - Calculating Departmental Overhead Rates and...Ch. 4 - Job-Order Costing Variables On July 1, Job 46 had...Ch. 4 - Source Documents For each of the following...Ch. 4 - Applying Overhead to Jobs, Costing Jobs Jagjit...Ch. 4 - Applying Overhead to Jobs, Costing Jobs Gorman...Ch. 4 - Balance of Work in Process and Finished Goods,...Ch. 4 - Job-Order Cost Sheets, Balance in Work in Process...Ch. 4 - Cost Flows Consider the following independent...Ch. 4 - Job Cost Flows Roseler Company uses a normal...Ch. 4 - Calculation of Work in Process and Cost of Goods...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4A) Journal Entries Yurman Inc. uses a...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Direct Method of Support Department...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Sequential Method of Support...Ch. 4 - Overhead Application and Job-Order Costing Heurion...Ch. 4 - Job Cost, Source Documents Spade Millhone...Ch. 4 - Calculating Ending Work in Process, Income...Ch. 4 - Overhead Applied to Jobs, Departmental Overhead...Ch. 4 - Overhead Rates, Unit Costs Folsom Company...Ch. 4 - Calculate Job Cost and Use It to Calculate Price...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4A) Unit Cost, Ending Work in Process,...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4A) Journal Entries, Job Costs The...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4A) Predetermined Overhead Rates,...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4A) Overhead Application, Journal...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4A) Journal Entries, T-Accounts Lowder...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Support Department Cost Allocation...Ch. 4 - (Appendix 4B) Support Department Cost Allocation:...Ch. 4 - Overhead Assignment: Actual and Normal Activity...Ch. 4 - Tonya Martin, CMA and controller or the Parts...

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