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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem

Why does a solution of sodium chloride in water conduct an electric current?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The reason why solution of sodium chloride in water conducts electric current should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

A chemical compound which is composed of ions (formed by transfer of electrons) which are held together by electrostatic force of attraction is said to be an ionic compound. In liquid (molten) state the ionic compounds break into the respective ions and are able to move and thus can conduct electricity whereas in solid state, ionic compounds do not conduct electricity as the ions are bonded together in the lattice and are not free to move.

Explanation

In solid state, ionic compounds do not conduct electricity as the ions are bonded together in the lattice and are in contact with each other by electrostatic force of attraction. That is there are no free ions in solid state of ionic compounds to conduct electricity. Whereas in liquid (molten) state the ionic compounds break into the respective ions and are able to move. Since, the ions are charged particles so, they can conduct electric current...

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