   Chapter 4, Problem 83GQ

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

Some metal halides react with water to produce the metal oxide and the appropriate hydrogen halide (see photo). For example,TiCl4(l) + 2 H2O(l) → TiO2(s) + 4 HCl(g) (a) Name the four compounds involved in this reaction.(b) If you begin with 14.0 mL of TiCI4 (d = 1.73 g/mL), what mass of water, in grams, is required for complete reaction?(c) What mass of each product is expected?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Name of the four compounds involved in the given reaction has to be given.

Explanation

The balanced chemical equation for the given reaction is,

TiCl4(l)+2H2O(l)

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mass of water required to complete the reaction of 14.0mLofTiCl4 has to be calculated.

Concept introduction:

• The relation between the number of moles and mass of the substance is ,

Numberofmole=MassingramMolarmass

Massingramofthesubstance=Numberofmole×Molarmass

• The molar mass of an element or compound is the mass in grams of 1 mole of that substance, and it is expressed in the unit of grams per mol (g/mol).
• Density of a substance is,

density = massvolume

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The mass of each product in the reaction has to be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Stoichiometric factor is a relationship between reactant and product which is obtained from the balanced chemical equation for a particular reaction.

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