BuyFind

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts...

4th Edition
James Stewart
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337687805
BuyFind

Single Variable Calculus: Concepts...

4th Edition
James Stewart
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337687805

Solutions

Chapter 4, Problem 8RE

(a)

To determine

To find: Thevertical and horizontal asymptote of the function.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 8RE

There is no Horizontal and vertical asymptote in the function.

Explanation of Solution

Given: f(x)=x4+4x3

Concept used:

If the degree of the numerator is more than the denominator, there is no horizontal asymptote.

If the denominator has no zeroes then there has no vertical asymptotes

Or

To get Vertical asymptote function should be rational and denominator must contain some variable otherwise there has no vertical asymptote.

Calculation:

Accordingto the laws of asymptotes:

If the degree of the numerator is more than the denominator, there is no horizontal asymptote.

If the denominator has no zeroes then there has no vertical asymptotes/.

Since here the numerator of the function has degree 4 and denominator has degree of 0.

Hence, there is no Horizontal and vertical asymptote in the function.

(b)

To determine

To find: TheInterval of increasing or decreasing of the function.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 8RE

The Interval of increasing or decreasing of the function is

  (,3),(3,0),(0,3) .

Decreasing at interval of (,3) .

Increasing at interval of (3,0),(0,3) .

Explanation of Solution

Given: f(x)=x4+4x3

Concept used:

Increasing or decreasing function can be calculated by equating first derivative of the function to 0.

  dydx=0 .

Zeroes of x can be calculatedafter that the increasing and decreasing can be measured.

Calculation:

Increasing or decreasing function can be calculated by equating first derivative of the function to 0.

  dydx=0 .

  dydx=4x3+12x2

  dydx=4x3+12x2=0

  4x2(x+3)=0

  x=0, x=-3 .

Hence the Interval of increasing or decreasing of the function is

  (,3),(3,0),(0,3) .

Decreasing at interval of (,3) .

Increasing at interval of (3,0),(0,3) .

(c)

To determine

To find: The Local maxima and minima of the function.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 8RE

x=-3 and y=27 are the point of local maxima and there is no

Local minima.

the point of inflection at x=0 .

Explanation of Solution

Given: f(x)=x4+4x3 .

Concept used:

The local maxima and minima can be calculated by firstly equating the double differentiation to 0.

1. d2ydx2=0.

2.If d2ydx2>0. the concave will be open upward and local minima can be found.

3. d2ydx2<0. the concave will open downward and local maxima can be found.

Calculation:

  f(x)=x4+4x3

  dydx=4x3+12x2

  dydx=4x3+12x2=0

  x=0, x=-3

  d2ydx2=12x2+24x

At x=0,

  d2ydx2=12(0)2+24(0)

  d2ydx2=0.

At x=-3,

  d2ydx2=12(3)2+24(3)

  d2ydx2=12(3)2+24(3)

  d2ydx2=36.

  d2ydx2>0.

Hence, x=-3 and y=27 are the point of local maxima and there is no

Local minima.

the point of inflection at x=0 .

(d)

To determine

To find: Theinterval of concavity and the inflection point.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 8RE

Concave downward in the interval of (,2) .

Concave upward in the interval of (2,0), (0,) .

These points are point of inflection

  x=0,x=2 .

Explanation of Solution

Given: f(x)=x4+4x3

Concept used:

The second derivative of function is calculated first.

Set the second derivative equal to zero and solve.

Check whether the second derivative undefined for any values of x.

Plot the number on number line and test the regions with the second derivative.

Plug these 3 values for obtain three inflection points.

The graph of y=f(x) is concave upward on those intervals where

  y= f (x)>0 .

The graph of y=f(x) id concave downward on thoseintervals where

  y= f (x)<0 .

If the graph of y=f(x) has point of inflection then y= f (x)=0 .

Calculation:

  d2ydx2=12x2+24x

  d2ydx2=12x2+24x=0.

  x(12x+24)=0.

  x=0,x=2 .

This two are the point of inflection.

By putting the values in the equation.

The interval will be (,2), (2,0), (0,)

Hence,

Concave downward in the interval of (,2) .

Concave upward in the interval of (2,0), (0,) .

These points are point of inflection

  x=0,x=2 .

(e)

To determine

To Sketch:the graph of the function using graphing device.

Expert Solution

Answer to Problem 8RE

Through the graph it’s easily verified the point of local maxima and minima, function is increasing or decreasing, concavity down or up and point of inflection.

Explanation of Solution

Given: g(x)=8x

Concept used:

Desmos graphing calculator is used her to plot the graph and it can easily verify the maxima, minima and point of inflection etc.

Calculation:

The graph of f(x)=x4+4x3

  Single Variable Calculus: Concepts and Contexts, Enhanced Edition, Chapter 4, Problem 8RE

Hence, through the graph it’s easily verified the point of local maxima and minima, function is increasing or decreasing, concavity down or up and point of inflection.

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