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From 2000 to 2010 in the United States, the number of working men fell by 0.6 percent, while the number of working women grew by almost 4 percent. During this time, average wages for men grew by roughly 3 percent, whereas average wages for women grew by slightly more than 6 percent. Which of the following two explanations seems more consistent with the data? Women decided to work more, raising their relative supply (relative to men). Discrimination against women declined, raising the relative (to men) demand for female workers.

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Microeconomics: Principles & Policy

14th Edition
William J. Baumol + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337794992

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Microeconomics: Principles & Policy

14th Edition
William J. Baumol + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337794992
Chapter 4, Problem 9DQ
Textbook Problem
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From 2000 to 2010 in the United States, the number of working men fell by 0.6 percent, while the number of working women grew by almost 4 percent. During this time, average wages for men grew by roughly 3 percent, whereas average wages for women grew by slightly more than 6 percent. Which of the following two explanations seems more consistent with the data?

  1. Women decided to work more, raising their relative supply (relative to men).
  2. Discrimination against women declined, raising the relative (to men) demand for female workers.

To determine

To analyze the consistency of given data with the two given explanations.

Explanation of Solution

As per option (a) women have decided to work more that is raising their labor supply relative to men. So, a higher women labor supply will ultimately lead to a reduction in wages of women workers as shown in the figure below:

As shown in the above figure, when the supply of women labor increases relative to men, it leads to a fall in women wages from W to W1...

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