Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892



Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

A patient had a tumor in Wernicke’s area. It was initially diagnosed when the patient could not:

a. understand the morning newspaper.

b. hear a child crying.

c. see the traffic light turn red.

d. speak.

e. feel if the car heater was on.

Summary Introduction


Wernicke’s area is a region in the brain. This region is responsible for developing language and speech comprehension. It is located in the temporal lobe on the left side of the brain.


Justification of correct answer:

Option (a) is “understand the morning newspaper.” Wernicke’s area of the brain is responsible for developing language. When a tumor appears in this region, the patient faces difficulties in understanding a language, which is why the patient could not comprehend the morning newspaper. Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

Justification for the incorrect answers:

Option (b) is “hears a child crying.” The largest part of the brain is the cerebrum. It is responsible for interpreting vision and hearing. If the tumor appears at Wernicke’s area of the brain, it will not hamper the hearing of the patient. So, it is an incorrect option...

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