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Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)Deriving the Huntington-Hill Number The Huntington-Hill number is derived by using the apportionment principle. Let P A = population of state A a = number of representatives from state A P b = population of state B b = number of representatives from state B Complete the following to derive the Huntington-Hill Number. a. Write the fraction that gives the average constituency of state A when it receives a new representative. b. Write the fraction that gives the average constituency of state B without a new representative. c. Express the relative unfairness of apportionment by giving state A the new representative in terms of the fractions from parts a and b. d. Express the relative unfairness of apportionment by giving state B the new representative. e. According to the apportionment principle, state A should receive the next representative instead of state B if the relative unfairness of giving the new representative to state A is less than the relative unfairness of giving the new representative to state B. Express this inequality in terms of the express ions in parts c and d. f. Simplify the inequality and you will have the Huntington-Hill number.BuyFind*launch*

4th Edition

Richard N. Aufmann + 3 others

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305965584

Chapter 4.1, Problem 35ES

Textbook Problem

Deriving the Huntington-Hill Number The Huntington-Hill number is derived by using the apportionment principle. Let *P _{A}* = population of state A

a = number of representatives from state A

*P _{b}* = population of state B

*b* = number of representatives from state B

Complete the following to derive the Huntington-Hill Number.

a. Write the fraction that gives the average constituency of state A when it receives a new representative.

b. Write the fraction that gives the average constituency of state B without a new representative.

c. Express the relative unfairness of apportionment by giving state A the new representative in terms of the fractions from parts a and b.

d. Express the relative unfairness of apportionment by giving state B the new representative.

e. According to the apportionment principle, state A should receive the next representative instead of state B if the relative unfairness of giving the new representative to state A is *less than* the relative unfairness of giving the new representative to state B. Express this inequality in terms of the express ions in parts c and d.

f. Simplify the inequality and you will have the Huntington-Hill number.

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

Ch. 4.1 - Verify this apportionment using the Jefferson...Ch. 4.1 - Find the apportionment that would have resulted if...Ch. 4.1 - Give each state one representative. Use the...Ch. 4.1 - Find the apportionment that would have resulted if...Ch. 4.1 - Explain how to calculate the standard divisor of...Ch. 4.1 - Teacher Aides A total of 25 teacher aides are to...Ch. 4.1 - In the Hamilton apportionment method, explain how...Ch. 4.1 - What is quota rule?Ch. 4.1 - Governing Boards The following table shows how the...Ch. 4.1 - Forest Rangers The table below shows how the...

Ch. 4.1 - Sales Associates The table below shows the number...Ch. 4.1 - Hospital Interns The table below shows the number...Ch. 4.1 - House of Representatives The U.S. House of...Ch. 4.1 - College Enrollment The following table shows the...Ch. 4.1 - Medical Care A hospital district consists of six...Ch. 4.1 - What is the Alabama paradox?Ch. 4.1 - What is the population paradox?Ch. 4.1 - What is the new states paradox?Ch. 4.1 - 15. What is the Balinski-Young Impossibility...Ch. 4.1 - Apportionment of Projectors Consider the...Ch. 4.1 - Hotel Management A company operates four resorts....Ch. 4.1 - College Security A college apportions 40 security...Ch. 4.1 - Management Scientific Research Corporation has...Ch. 4.1 - Education The science division of a college...Ch. 4.1 - Elementary School Teachers The following table...Ch. 4.1 - Social Workers The following table shows the...Ch. 4.1 - Computer Usage The table below shows the number of...Ch. 4.1 - The population of Illinois increased by over...Ch. 4.1 - 25. The population of Louisiana increased 1.4%...Ch. 4.1 - House of Representatives Currently. the U.S. House...Ch. 4.1 - Computer Usage Use the Webster method to apportion...Ch. 4.1 - Demographics The table below shows the populations...Ch. 4.1 - Which of she following apportionment methods can...Ch. 4.1 - According to Michael Balinski and H. Peyton Young,...Ch. 4.1 - 31. What method is presently used to apportion the...Ch. 4.1 - 32. According to the 2010 census, what is the...Ch. 4.1 - John Quincy Adams, the sixth president of the...Ch. 4.1 - In the Huntington-Hill method of apportionment,...Ch. 4.1 - Deriving the Huntington-Hill Number The...Ch. 4.2 - Using the Borda method of voting, which flavor of...Ch. 4.2 - Instead of using the normal Borda method, suppose...Ch. 4.2 - Suppose the Borda method used in Exercise I of...Ch. 4.2 - Suppose the Borda method used in Exercise I of...Ch. 4.2 - Suppose the Borda method used in Exercise 1 of...Ch. 4.2 - Can the assignment of points for first. Second,...Ch. 4.2 - Suppose the assignment of points for first,...Ch. 4.2 - What is the difference between a majority and a...Ch. 4.2 - Explain why the plurality voting system may not be...Ch. 4.2 - Explain how the Borda Count method of voting...Ch. 4.2 - Explain how the plurality with elimination voting...Ch. 4.2 - 5. Explain how the pairwise comparison voting...Ch. 4.2 - What does the Condorcet criterion say?Ch. 4.2 - Is there a best voting method? Is one method more...Ch. 4.2 - Explain why. if only two candidates are running,...Ch. 4.2 - Presidential Election The table below shows the...Ch. 4.2 - Breakfast Cereal Sixteen people were asked to rank...Ch. 4.2 - Cartoon Characters A kindergarten class was...Ch. 4.2 - Catering A 15-person committee is having lunch...Ch. 4.2 - Movies Fifty consumers were surveyed about their...Ch. 4.2 - Breakfast Cereal Use the Borda count method of...Ch. 4.2 - Cartoons Use the Borda count method of voting to...Ch. 4.2 - Catering Use the Borda count method of voting to...Ch. 4.2 - Class Election A senior high school class held an...Ch. 4.2 - Cell Phone Usage A journalist reviewing various...Ch. 4.2 - Baseball Uniforms A Little League baseball team...Ch. 4.2 - Radio Stations A number of college students were...Ch. 4.2 - Class Election Use plurality with elimination to...Ch. 4.2 - Cell Phone Usage Use plurality with elimination to...Ch. 4.2 - Campus Club A campus club has money left over in...Ch. 4.2 - Recreation A company is planning its annual summer...Ch. 4.2 - X-Men Movies Fans of the X-Men movies have been...Ch. 4.2 - Family Reunion The Nelson family is trying to...Ch. 4.2 - School Mascot A new college needs to pick a moscot...Ch. 4.2 - Election Five candidates are running for president...Ch. 4.2 - Baseball Uniforms Use the pairwise comparison...Ch. 4.2 - Radio Stations Use the pairwise comparison method...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise tic satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - 32. Does the winner in Exercise 12 satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise 2k satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise 24c satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise 17 satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise 20 satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Election Three candidates are running for mayor. A...Ch. 4.2 - Film Competition Three films have been selected as...Ch. 4.2 - 39. Election A campus club needs to elect four...Ch. 4.2 - Scholarship Awards The members of a scholarship...Ch. 4.2 - Another method of voting is to assign a weight. or...Ch. 4.2 - Approval voting is a system in which voters may...Ch. 4.2 - Restaurants Suppose you and three friends. David,...Ch. 4.3 - Using the data in Example 1 on page 211, list all...Ch. 4.3 - For the data in Example I on page 211, calculate...Ch. 4.3 - Using the data in Check Your Progress 3 on page...Ch. 4.3 - For the data in Check Your Progress 3 on page 215,...Ch. 4.3 - Create a voting system with three members that is...Ch. 4.3 - Create a voting system with four members in which...Ch. 4.3 - Create a voting system with five members that...Ch. 4.3 - In the following exercises that involve weighted...Ch. 4.3 - In the following exercises that involve weighted...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Which, if any, of the voting systems in Exercises...Ch. 4.3 - Explain why it is impossible to calculate the...Ch. 4.3 - Music Education A music department Consists of a...Ch. 4.3 - Four voters. A, B. C, and D. make decisions by...Ch. 4.3 - Criminal Justice In a criminal trial, each of the...Ch. 4.3 - Criminal Justice In California civil court cases,...Ch. 4.3 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4.3 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4.3 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4.3 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4.3 - Football At the beginning of each football season,...Ch. 4.3 - Football The head coach in Exercise 23 has decided...Ch. 4.3 - Consider the weighted voting system { 60:4,56,58...Ch. 4.3 - 26. Consider the weighted voting system {...Ch. 4.3 - Consider the weighted voting system { q:8,3,3,2 },...Ch. 4.3 - 28. a. In a weighted voting system, suppose that...Ch. 4.3 - Voter Intimidation and Tampering Consider the...Ch. 4.3 - UN Security Council The United Nations C Security...Ch. 4 - Education The following table shows the...Ch. 4 - Airline Industry The following table shows the...Ch. 4 - Airline Industry The table below shows how the...Ch. 4 - 4. Education The following table shows the number...Ch. 4 - Technology A company has four offices. The...Ch. 4 - Automobile Sales Consider the apportionment of 27...Ch. 4 - Music Company MusicGalore.biz has offices in Los...Ch. 4 - Building Inspectors A city apportions 34 building...Ch. 4 - Is the Hamilton apportionment method susceptible...Ch. 4 - Is the Jefferson apportionment method susceptible...Ch. 4 - Corporate Security The Huntington-Hill...Ch. 4 - Essay Contest Four finalists are competing in an...Ch. 4 - Ski Club A campus ski club is trying o decide...Ch. 4 - Campus Election Four students are running for the...Ch. 4 - Consumer Preferences A group of consumers were...Ch. 4 - Use the pairwise comparison method of voting to...Ch. 4 - Use the pairwise comparison method of voting to...Ch. 4 - Homecoming Queen Three high school students are...Ch. 4 - Homecoming Queen In Exercise I. suppose Cynthia L....Ch. 4 - Scholarship Awards A scholarship committee must...Ch. 4 - A weighted voting system for voters A, B, C, and D...Ch. 4 - A weighted voting system for voters A. B. C. D....Ch. 4 - Calculate the Banzhaf power indices for voters A....Ch. 4 - Calculate the Banzhaf power indices for voters A,...Ch. 4 - 25. Calculate the Banzhaf power indices for voters...Ch. 4 - Calculate the Banzhaf power indices for voters A,...Ch. 4 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4 - Four voters. A. B. C. and D. make decisions by...Ch. 4 - Postal Service The table below shows the number of...Ch. 4 - Computer Allocation The following table shows the...Ch. 4 - High School Counselors The following table shows...Ch. 4 - A weighted voting system for voters A, B, C, D....Ch. 4 - Consumer Preference One hundred consumers ranked...Ch. 4 - Executives Preferences A company with offices...Ch. 4 - Exam Review A professor is preparing an extra...Ch. 4 - Budget Proposal A committee must vote on which of...Ch. 4 - Drama Department The four staff members. A, B,C,...Ch. 4 - Three voters. A. B. and C, make decisions by using...

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