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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

A nitrogen atom must be directly bonded to the carbonyl carbon atom in which of the following types of compounds?

  1. a. aldehyde
  2. b. carboxylic acid
  3. c. amide
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The compound in which nitrogen atom is bonded directly to the carbonyl carbon atom has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4.2, Problem 3QQ

The groups that are attached to the carbonyl carbon atom can be either hydrogen or carbon atom or heteroatom.  If the attached atoms are hydrogen and a carbon atom means then the compound is an aldehyde and if they are two carbon atoms means then the compound is a ketone.  If a nitrogen atom is attached to the carbonyl carbon atom, it is known as amide.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carbonyl group contains a carbon atom and an oxygen atom.  The bond between carbon and oxygen in a carbonyl group is a double bond.

Amides are compounds in which a nitrogen atom is bonded directly to the carbonyl carbon atom.  This is shown as given below,

Hence, option (c) is the correct one...

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