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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332
Textbook Problem
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With _______, the consequences of a voluntary behavior cause an animal to repeat or avoid that behavior.

  1. a. instinct
  2. b. imprinting
  3. c. classical conditioning
  4. d. operant conditioning

Summary Introduction

Concept introduction: Behavior is the capacity of an animal to learn through experience. Behavioral ecology is the study of how natural selection shapes the behavior of an organism. Animals have some inborn instinctive behaviors that are innate response to stimulus. There are several other responses in animals include imprinting.

Explanation

Reason for correct statement:

Biologists believe that learning may occur throughout an animal’s life or it may be restricted to a particular period.

Option d. is given as “operant conditioning”. In this the conditioned behavior gradually modified by the consequences, as the animal responds to the stimulus. In operant conditioning, animals learn to control an environmental feature to obtain their benefits.

Hence, option d. is the correct answer.

Reasons for the incorrect statements:

Option a. is given as “instinct”. Instinct is an innate behavior of an animal in response to a stimulus that is not a voluntary behavior...

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