Chapter 4.3, Problem 1E

BuyFind*arrow_forward*

7th Edition

Stefan Waner + 1 other

ISBN: 9781337274203

Textbook Problem

**Resource Allocation** You manage an ice cream factory that makes three flavors: Creamy Vanilla, Continental Mocha, and Succulent Strawberry. Into each batch of Creamy Vanilla go 2 eggs, 1 cup of milk, and 2 cups of cream. Into each batch of Continental Mocha go 1 egg, 1 cup of milk, and 2 cups of cream, while into each batch of Succulent Strawberry go 1 egg, 2 cups of milk, and 1 cup of cream. You have in stock 350 eggs, 350 cups of milk, and 400 cups of cream. How many batches of each flavor should you make in order to use up all of your ingredients? [**HINT:** See Example 1.]

To determine

**To calculate:** The number of batches of each flavor to be produced to fulfill all the resources. The factory produces 3 flavors creamy vanilla, continental mocha, and succulent strawberry. Creamy vanilla requires 2 eggs, 1 cup of milk and 2 cups of cream, continental mocha requires 1 egg, 1 cup of milk and 2 cups of cream and succulent strawberry requires 1 egg, 2 cups of milk and 1 cup of cream. The total stock is 350 eggs, 350 cups of milk and 400 cups of cream.

Explanation

**Given Information:**

The total stock is 350 eggs, 350 cups of milk and 400 cups of cream.

Also, Creamy vanilla requires 2 eggs, 1 cup of milk and 2 cups of cream, continental mocha requires 1 egg, 1 cup of milk and 2 cups of cream and succulent strawberry requires 1 egg, 2 cups of milk and 1 cup of cream. The total stock is 350 eggs, 350 cups of milk and 400 cups of cream.

**Formula Used:**

Elimination method:

In this method, we first combine the equations in a way such that one of the variables gets eliminated. Then we substitute this obtained value in either of the equation to get the value of the other variable.

**Calculation:**

let the number of batches of each flavor produced be

And the given data gives the number of eggs, a cup of milk and cups of cream to be added in each batch of each flavor.

From the given information we can arrange the data in a table.

Batch of creamy vanilla |
Batch of continental mocha |
Batch of succulent strawberry |
Total availability | |

Eggs | 2 | 1 | 1 | 350 |

Cups of milk | 1 | 1 | 2 | 350 |

Cups of cream | 2 | 2 | 1 | 400 |

From the table, the equations for all the ingredients can be set up:

Eggs:

cups of milk:

cups of cream:

Apply the elimination method to find the solution of the given system of the equations:

Begin by subtracting the second equation from the first equation to eliminate *y*

Sect-4.1 P-1ESect-4.1 P-2ESect-4.1 P-3ESect-4.1 P-4ESect-4.1 P-5ESect-4.1 P-6ESect-4.1 P-7ESect-4.1 P-8ESect-4.1 P-9ESect-4.1 P-10E

Sect-4.1 P-11ESect-4.1 P-12ESect-4.1 P-13ESect-4.1 P-14ESect-4.1 P-15ESect-4.1 P-16ESect-4.1 P-17ESect-4.1 P-18ESect-4.1 P-19ESect-4.1 P-20ESect-4.1 P-21ESect-4.1 P-22ESect-4.1 P-23ESect-4.1 P-24ESect-4.1 P-25ESect-4.1 P-26ESect-4.1 P-27ESect-4.1 P-28ESect-4.1 P-29ESect-4.1 P-30ESect-4.1 P-31ESect-4.1 P-32ESect-4.1 P-33ESect-4.1 P-34ESect-4.1 P-35ESect-4.1 P-36ESect-4.1 P-37ESect-4.1 P-38ESect-4.1 P-39ESect-4.1 P-40ESect-4.1 P-41ESect-4.1 P-42ESect-4.1 P-43ESect-4.1 P-44ESect-4.1 P-45ESect-4.1 P-46ESect-4.1 P-47ESect-4.1 P-48ESect-4.1 P-49ESect-4.1 P-50ESect-4.1 P-51ESect-4.1 P-52ESect-4.1 P-53ESect-4.1 P-54ESect-4.1 P-55ESect-4.1 P-56ESect-4.1 P-57ESect-4.1 P-58ESect-4.1 P-59ESect-4.1 P-60ESect-4.1 P-61ESect-4.1 P-62ESect-4.1 P-63ESect-4.1 P-64ESect-4.1 P-65ESect-4.1 P-66ESect-4.1 P-67ESect-4.1 P-68ESect-4.1 P-69ESect-4.1 P-70ESect-4.1 P-71ESect-4.1 P-72ESect-4.1 P-73ESect-4.1 P-74ESect-4.1 P-75ESect-4.1 P-76ESect-4.1 P-77ESect-4.1 P-78ESect-4.1 P-79ESect-4.1 P-80ESect-4.1 P-81ESect-4.1 P-82ESect-4.2 P-1ESect-4.2 P-2ESect-4.2 P-3ESect-4.2 P-4ESect-4.2 P-5ESect-4.2 P-6ESect-4.2 P-7ESect-4.2 P-8ESect-4.2 P-9ESect-4.2 P-10ESect-4.2 P-11ESect-4.2 P-12ESect-4.2 P-13ESect-4.2 P-14ESect-4.2 P-15ESect-4.2 P-16ESect-4.2 P-17ESect-4.2 P-18ESect-4.2 P-19ESect-4.2 P-20ESect-4.2 P-21ESect-4.2 P-22ESect-4.2 P-23ESect-4.2 P-24ESect-4.2 P-25ESect-4.2 P-26ESect-4.2 P-27ESect-4.2 P-28ESect-4.2 P-29ESect-4.2 P-30ESect-4.2 P-31ESect-4.2 P-32ESect-4.2 P-33ESect-4.2 P-34ESect-4.2 P-35ESect-4.2 P-36ESect-4.2 P-37ESect-4.2 P-38ESect-4.2 P-39ESect-4.2 P-40ESect-4.2 P-41ESect-4.2 P-42ESect-4.2 P-43ESect-4.2 P-44ESect-4.2 P-45ESect-4.2 P-46ESect-4.2 P-47ESect-4.2 P-48ESect-4.2 P-49ESect-4.2 P-50ESect-4.2 P-51ESect-4.2 P-52ESect-4.2 P-53ESect-4.2 P-54ESect-4.2 P-55ESect-4.2 P-56ESect-4.2 P-57ESect-4.2 P-58ESect-4.2 P-59ESect-4.2 P-60ESect-4.2 P-61ESect-4.2 P-62ESect-4.2 P-63ESect-4.2 P-64ESect-4.2 P-65ESect-4.2 P-66ESect-4.2 P-67ESect-4.2 P-68ESect-4.3 P-1ESect-4.3 P-2ESect-4.3 P-3ESect-4.3 P-4ESect-4.3 P-5ESect-4.3 P-6ESect-4.3 P-7ESect-4.3 P-8ESect-4.3 P-9ESect-4.3 P-10ESect-4.3 P-11ESect-4.3 P-12ESect-4.3 P-13ESect-4.3 P-14ESect-4.3 P-15ESect-4.3 P-16ESect-4.3 P-17ESect-4.3 P-18ESect-4.3 P-19ESect-4.3 P-20ESect-4.3 P-21ESect-4.3 P-22ESect-4.3 P-23ESect-4.3 P-24ESect-4.3 P-25ESect-4.3 P-26ESect-4.3 P-27ESect-4.3 P-28ESect-4.3 P-29ESect-4.3 P-30ESect-4.3 P-31ESect-4.3 P-32ESect-4.3 P-33ESect-4.3 P-34ESect-4.3 P-35ESect-4.3 P-36ESect-4.3 P-37ESect-4.3 P-38ESect-4.3 P-39ESect-4.3 P-40ESect-4.3 P-41ESect-4.3 P-42ESect-4.3 P-43ESect-4.3 P-44ESect-4.3 P-45ESect-4.3 P-46ESect-4.3 P-47ESect-4.3 P-48ESect-4.3 P-49ESect-4.3 P-50ESect-4.3 P-51ESect-4.3 P-52ESect-4.3 P-53ESect-4.3 P-54ESect-4.3 P-55ESect-4.3 P-56ESect-4.3 P-57ESect-4.3 P-58ECh-4 P-1RECh-4 P-2RECh-4 P-3RECh-4 P-4RECh-4 P-5RECh-4 P-6RECh-4 P-7RECh-4 P-8RECh-4 P-9RECh-4 P-10RECh-4 P-11RECh-4 P-12RECh-4 P-13RECh-4 P-14RECh-4 P-15RECh-4 P-16RECh-4 P-17RECh-4 P-18RECh-4 P-19RECh-4 P-20RECh-4 P-21RECh-4 P-22RECh-4 P-23RECh-4 P-24RECh-4 P-25RECh-4 P-26RECh-4 P-27RECh-4 P-28RECh-4 P-29RECh-4 P-30RECh-4 P-31RECh-4 P-32RECh-4 P-33RECh-4 P-34RECh-4 P-35RECh-4 P-36RECh-4 P-37RECh-4 P-38RECh-4 P-39RECh-4 P-40RECh-4 P-41RECh-4 P-42RECh-4 P-43RECh-4 P-44RECh-4 P-45RECh-4 P-46RE

Precalculus: Mathematics for Calculus (Standalone Book)

Calculus: An Applied Approach (MindTap Course List)

Multivariable Calculus

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, Volume I

Calculus: Early Transcendentals

Applied Calculus

Essentials Of Statistics

Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Calculus (MindTap Course List)

Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List)

Applied Calculus for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences: A Brief Approach

Single Variable Calculus

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and the Sciences

Understanding Basic Statistics

Intermediate Algebra

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)

Mathematical Applications for the Management, Life, and Social Sciences

Elementary Technical Mathematics

Contemporary Mathematics for Business & Consumers

Elementary Geometry For College Students, 7e

Calculus: Early Transcendental Functions (MindTap Course List)

Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals

Calculus of a Single Variable

Elements Of Modern Algebra

Trigonometry (MindTap Course List)

Study Guide for Stewart's Single Variable Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 8th

Study Guide for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus, 8th

Elementary Geometry for College Students

Finite Mathematics for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences