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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Collectively, how many C5 saturated unbranched-chain aldehydes and C5 saturated unbranched-chain ketones exist?

  1. a. 1
  2. b. 2
  3. c. 3
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The total number of unbranched C5 saturated chain aldehyde and C5 saturated chain ketones exist has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Isomers are the compounds that have same molecular formula but different structural formula.  The main difference lies in the way the atoms are arranged in the structure.  Isomers have different chemical and physical properties even when they have same molecular formula.  This is known as Isomerism.

If there is difference only in the connectivity of the atoms in the molecule, then it is known as constitutional isomerism.  The isomers are known as constitutional isomers.  They will have same molecular formula and same functional group, but they differ in the connectivity between the atoms in the molecule.

Aldehydes and ketones have constitutional isomers.  Functional group isomerism exists between aldehyde and ketones.  Aldehydes and ketones that have same degree of saturation and same number of carbon atoms are functional group isomers.  In aldehyde, skeletal isomerism is possible where the group attached to the carbonyl carbon atom connectivity is changed.  In ketones positional isomerism is possible where the carbonyl group is moved within the carbon chain.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

In the problem statement it is said that the aldehyde contains five carbon atoms and are not branched.  Hence, only one structure is possible where the carbonyl carbon atom will be at the terminal.  The structure can be given as,

In the problem statement it is said that the ketone contains five carbon atoms and are not branched.  Hence, only two structures are possible where the carbonyl carbon atom will be in the carbon chain.  The structures can be given as,

Therefore, a total of three structures are possible for the given condition...

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