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Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332
Textbook Problem
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Bioaccumlation in tuna Bluefin tuna are among the fishes that were exposed to radioactive material released into the sea by the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant (Section 47.1). These tuna breed in the western Pacific, and some migrate to the Eastern Pacific when they are 1 to 2 years old. Daniel Madigan suspected that migrating tuna would transport radioactive material to the waters off the coast of California. To test this hypothesis, he and his collaborators analyzed the concentration of cesium radioisotopes (137Cs and 134Cs) in bluefin tuna and yellowfin tuna caught near San Diego in August 2011. Yellowfin tuna do not cross the Pacific; they spend their lives in California's coastal waters. The scientists compared these data with the radioisotope content of bluefin tuna that had been caught near San Diego in 2008. FIGURE 48.9 shows their results.

Chapter 48, Problem 2DAA, Bioaccumlation in tuna Bluefin tuna are among the fishes that were exposed to radioactive material

FIGURE 48.9 Radioactive cesium (Cs) concentration in two species of tuna caught along the coast of California.

137Cs has a half-life of 30 years and some persists in the Pacific from weapons testing. 134Cs has a half-life of 2 years and was undetectable in the Pacific prior to the accident at Fukushima. Becquerels (Bq) is a measure of radioactivity.

In August of 2011, how did the isotope content of blue fin tuna compare to that of yellowfin tuna?

Summary Introduction

To determine: How the isotope content of bluefin tuna compared to that of yellowfin tuna in August 2011.

Concept introduction: Bioaccumulation is the concentration of a pollutant inside an organism’s tissues causing the amount of the pollutants to increase over time. Trophic level also affects the pollutant concentration by the process of biological magnification. The concentration of the chemical increases as the pollutant moves up the food chain. Bioaccumulation and biological magnification even in low concentrations (depending on toxic potential) can have detrimental effects on a species.

Explanation

The powerful earthquake occurred in the northeast coast of the Japan in March 2011 caused tsunami that killed 15,000 people. During this time, the nuclear power plant on the shore of the city Fukushima became damaged and released some radioactive materials into the air and sea. The water was polluted with cesium 137 (137Cs), a radioactive material having a half-life of 30 years.

The bluefin tuna are among the fishes were exposed to radioactive materials released into the sea. These tuna fishes breed in the western Pacific and some migrate to the Eastern Pacific when they are 1 to 2 years old. Researcher D suspected that the tuna might have transported the radioactive material off the coast of California. To test this hypothesis, the concentration of cesium radioisotopes (137Cs and 134Cs) in bluefin tuna and yellowfin tuna caught near the San Diego in August 2011were analyzed for the presence of cesium...

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