Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332



Biology: The Unity and Diversity o...

15th Edition
Cecie Starr + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337408332
Textbook Problem

The magnitude of acid rain's effects can be influenced can by the properties of the rock that the rain runs over. Acid rain is least likely to significantly acidify lakes in regions where there is a large amount of calcium carbonate-rich rock. How does the presence of these rocks mitigate the effects of acid rain?

Summary Introduction

To explain: How calcium carbonate-rich rock reduces the effects of acid rain.

Concept introduction: The common pollutants of air are sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, which cause acid rain. Sulfur dioxide is released primarily from the coal-burning process of power plants. In dry weather, airborne sulfur and nitrogen oxide coat dust particles. When these pollutant particles combine with water, they become wet acid deposition. Then, it falls down as acid precipitation, known as acid rain.


Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) is a common mineral that can interact with acids in the acid rain and forms bicarbonate. The bicarbonate acts as a buffer and ma...

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