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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

A general method for the preparation of ketones, using a mild oxidizing agent, is oxidation of which of the following?

  1. a. 1° alcohol
  2. b. 2° alcohol
  3. c. 3° alcohol
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Oxidation of which alcohol with mild oxidizing agent gives ketone has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl compounds such as aldehydes and ketones can be synthesized by oxidation or reduction reaction.  When a primary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction, the product obtained is carboxylic acid that is formed through the intermediate aldehyde.  When mild oxidizing agent is used, aldehyde can be obtained as product from primary alcohol.  When a secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction, the product obtained is a ketone.  This cannot be further oxidized.  Tertiary alcohols do not undergo oxidation reaction.  Some of the mild oxidizing agents used are KMnO4 or K2Cr2O7.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Ketone is prepared from secondary alcohol using a mild oxidizing agent.  This is because the two hydrogen atoms are removed resulting in the formation of carbonyl carbon that is bonded to two other carbon atoms.  Further oxidation is not possible in this case.

Therefore, the correct option is option (b).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the oxidation of primary alcohol gives ketone as the product...

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