You have seven closed containers, each with equal masses of chlorine gas (Cl 2 ) . You add 10.0 g of sodium to the first sample, 20.0 g of sodium to the second sample, and so on (adding 70.0 g of sodium to the seventh sample). Sodium and chlorine react to form sodium chloride according to the equation 2 Na ( s ) + Cl 2 → 2 NaCl ( s ) After each reaction is complete, you collect and measure the amount of sodium chloride formed. A graph of your results is shown below. Answer the following questions: a. Explain the shape of the graph. b. Calculate the mass of NaCl formed when 20.0 g of sodium is used. c. Calculate the mass of Cl 2 in each container. d. Calculate the mass of NaCl formed when 50.0 g of sodium is used. e. Identify the leftover reactant, and determine its mass for parts b and d above.

BuyFind

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
BuyFind

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

Solutions

Chapter 5, Problem 150AE
Textbook Problem

You have seven closed containers, each with equal masses of chlorine gas (Cl2) . You add 10.0 g of sodium to the first sample, 20.0 g of sodium to the second sample, and so on (adding 70.0 g of sodium to the seventh sample). Sodium and chlorine react to form sodium chloride according to the equation

2 Na ( s ) + Cl 2 2 NaCl ( s )

After each reaction is complete, you collect and measure the amount of sodium chloride formed. A graph of your results is shown below.

Chapter 5, Problem 150AE, You have seven closed containers, each with equal masses of chlorine gas (Cl2) . You add 10.0 g of

Answer the following questions:

a. Explain the shape of the graph.

b. Calculate the mass of NaCl formed when 20.0 g of sodium is used.

c. Calculate the mass of Cl2 in each container.

d. Calculate the mass of NaCl formed when 50.0 g of sodium is used.

e. Identify the leftover reactant, and determine its mass for parts b and d above.

Expert Solution

Want to see the full answer?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

Want to see this answer and more?

Experts are waiting 24/7 to provide step-by-step solutions in as fast as 30 minutes!*

*Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Median response time is 34 minutes and may be longer for new subjects.

Chapter 5 Solutions

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach
Ch. 5 - The following are actual student responses to the...Ch. 5 - What information do we get from a chemical...Ch. 5 - You are making cookies and are missing a key...Ch. 5 - Nitrogen gas (N2) and hydrogen gas (H2) react to...Ch. 5 - For the preceding question, which of the following...Ch. 5 - You know that chemical A reacts with chemical B....Ch. 5 - A new grill has a mass of 30.0 kg. You put 3.0 kg...Ch. 5 - Consider an iron bar on a balance as shown. As the...Ch. 5 - You may have noticed that water sometimes drips...Ch. 5 - Questions 10 and 11 deal with the following...Ch. 5 - What is true about the chemical properties of the...Ch. 5 - Is there a difference between a homogeneous...Ch. 5 - Chlorine exists mainly as two isotopes, 37Cl and...Ch. 5 - The average mass of a carbon atom is 12.011....Ch. 5 - Can the subscripts in a chemical formula be...Ch. 5 - Consider the equation 2A + B . A2B. If you mix 1.0...Ch. 5 - According to the law of conservation of mass, mass...Ch. 5 - Which of the following pairs of compounds have the...Ch. 5 - Atoms of three different elements are represented...Ch. 5 - In chemistry, what is meant by the term mole? What...Ch. 5 - Which (if any) of the following is (are) true...Ch. 5 - Consider the equation 3A + B C + D. You react 4...Ch. 5 - Reference Section 5-2 to find the atomic masses of...Ch. 5 - Avogadros number, molar mass, and the chemical...Ch. 5 - If you had a mole of U.S. dollar bills and equally...Ch. 5 - Describe 1 mole of CO2 in as many ways as you can.Ch. 5 - Which of the following compounds have the same...Ch. 5 - What is the difference between the molar mass and...Ch. 5 - How is the mass percent of elements in a compound...Ch. 5 - A balanced chemical equation contains a large...Ch. 5 - The reaction of an element X with element Y is...Ch. 5 - Hydrogen gas and oxygen gas react to form water,...Ch. 5 - What is the theoretical yield for a reaction, and...Ch. 5 - What does it mean to say a reactant is present in...Ch. 5 - Consider the following generic reaction: A2B2 + 2C...Ch. 5 - Consider the following generic reaction:...Ch. 5 - An element consists of 1.40% of an isotope with...Ch. 5 - An element X bas five major isotopes, which are...Ch. 5 - The element rhenium (Re) bas two naturally...Ch. 5 - Assume silicon has three major isotopes in nature...Ch. 5 - The element europium exists in nature as two...Ch. 5 - The element silver (Ag) has two naturally...Ch. 5 - The mass spectrum of bromine (Br2) consists of...Ch. 5 - The stable isotopes of iron arc 54Fe, 56Fe, 57Fe,...Ch. 5 - Calculate the mass of 500. atoms of iron (Fe).Ch. 5 - What number of Fe atoms and what amount (moles) of...Ch. 5 - Diamond is a natural form of pure carbon. What...Ch. 5 - A diamond contains 5.0 1021 atoms of carbon. What...Ch. 5 - Aluminum metal is produced by passing an electric...Ch. 5 - The Freons are a class of compounds containing...Ch. 5 - Calculate the molar mass of the following...Ch. 5 - Calculate the molar mass of the following...Ch. 5 - What amount (moles) of compound is present in 1.00...Ch. 5 - What amount (moles) of compound is present in 1.00...Ch. 5 - What mass of compound is present in 5.00 moles of...Ch. 5 - What mass of compound is present in 5.00 moles of...Ch. 5 - What mass of nitrogen is present in 5.00 moles of...Ch. 5 - What mass of phosphorus is present in 5.00 moles...Ch. 5 - What number of molecules (or formula units) are...Ch. 5 - What number of molecules (or formula units) are...Ch. 5 - What number of atoms of nitrogen are present in...Ch. 5 - What number of atoms of phosphorus are present in...Ch. 5 - Freon- 12 (CCI2F2) is used as a refrigerant in air...Ch. 5 - Bauxite, the principal ore used in the production...Ch. 5 - What amount (moles) is represented by each of...Ch. 5 - What amount (moles) is represented by each of...Ch. 5 - What number of atoms of nitrogen are present in...Ch. 5 - Complete the following table.Ch. 5 - Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C (C6H8O6), is an...Ch. 5 - The molecular formula of acetylsalicylic acid...Ch. 5 - Chloral hydrate (C2H3Cl3O2) is a drug formerly...Ch. 5 - Dimethylnitrosamine, (CH3)2N2O , is a carcinogenic...Ch. 5 - Calculate the percent composition by mass of the...Ch. 5 - In 1987 the first substance to act as a...Ch. 5 - The percent by mass of nitrogen for a compound is...Ch. 5 - Arrange the following substances in order of...Ch. 5 - Fungal laccase, a blue protein found in...Ch. 5 - Hemoglobin is the protein that transports oxygen...Ch. 5 - Express the composition of each of the following...Ch. 5 - Considering your answer to Exercise 79, which type...Ch. 5 - Give the empirical formula for each of the...Ch. 5 - Determine the molecular formulas to which the...Ch. 5 - A compound that contains only carbon, hydrogen,...Ch. 5 - The most common form of nylon (nylon-6) is 63.68%...Ch. 5 - There are two binary compounds of mercury and...Ch. 5 - A sample of urea contains 1.121 g N, 0.161 g H,...Ch. 5 - A compound containing only sulfur and nitrogen is...Ch. 5 - Determine the molecular formula of a compound that...Ch. 5 - A compound contains 47.08% carbon, 6.59% hydrogen,...Ch. 5 - Maleic acid is an organic compound composed of...Ch. 5 - One of the components that make up common table...Ch. 5 - A compound contains only C, H, and N. Combustion...Ch. 5 - Cumene is a compound containing only carbon and...Ch. 5 - A compound contains only carbon, hydrogen, and...Ch. 5 - Give the balanced equation for each of the...Ch. 5 - Give the balanced equation for each of the...Ch. 5 - A common demonstration in chemistry courses...Ch. 5 - Iron oxide ores, commonly a mixture of FeO and...Ch. 5 - Balance the following equations: a. Ca(OH)2(aq) +...Ch. 5 - Balance each of the following chemical equations....Ch. 5 - Balance the following equations representing...Ch. 5 - Balance the following equations: a. Cr(s) + S8(s) ...Ch. 5 - Silicon is produced for the chemical and...Ch. 5 - Glass is a mixture of several compounds, but a...Ch. 5 - Over the years, the thermite reaction has been...Ch. 5 - The reaction between potassium chlorate and red...Ch. 5 - The reusable booster rockets of the U.S. space...Ch. 5 - One of relatively few reactions that takes place...Ch. 5 - Elixirs such as Atka-Seltzer use the reaction of...Ch. 5 - Aspirin (C9H8O4) is synthesized by reacting...Ch. 5 - Bacterial digestion is an economical method of...Ch. 5 - Phosphorus can be prepared from calcium phosphate...Ch. 5 - Coke is an impure form of carbon that is often...Ch. 5 - The space shuttle environmental control system...Ch. 5 - Consider the reaction between NO(g) and O2(g)...Ch. 5 - Consider the following reaction:...Ch. 5 - Ammonia is produced from the reaction of nitrogen...Ch. 5 - Consider the following unbalanced equation:...Ch. 5 - Hydrogen peroxide is used as a cleansing agent in...Ch. 5 - Silver sulfadiazine bum-treating cream creates a...Ch. 5 - Hydrogen cyanide is produced industrially from the...Ch. 5 - Acrylonitrile C3H3N) is the starting material for...Ch. 5 - The reaction of ethane gas (C2H6) with chlorine...Ch. 5 - DDT, an insecticide harmful to fish, birds, and...Ch. 5 - Bornite (Cu3FeS3) is a copper ore used in the...Ch. 5 - Consider the following unbalanced reaction:...Ch. 5 - In using a mass spectrometer, a chemist sees a...Ch. 5 - Boron consists of two isotopes, 10B and 11B....Ch. 5 - A given sample of a xenon fluoride compound...Ch. 5 - Aspartame is an artificial sweetener that is 160...Ch. 5 - Anabolic steroids are performance enhancement...Ch. 5 - Many cereals are made with high moisture content...Ch. 5 - The compound adrenaline contains 56.79% C, 6.56%...Ch. 5 - Adipic acid is an organic compound composed of...Ch. 5 - Vitamin B12, cyanocobalamin, is essential for...Ch. 5 - Some bismuth tablets, a medication used to treat...Ch. 5 - The empirical formula of styrene is CH; the molar...Ch. 5 - Terephthalic acid is an important chemical used in...Ch. 5 - A sample of a hydrocarbon (a compound consisting...Ch. 5 - A binary compound between an unknown element E and...Ch. 5 - A 0.755-g sample of hydrated copper(II) sulfate...Ch. 5 - ABS plastic is a tough, hard plastic used in...Ch. 5 - A sample of LSD (D-lysergic acid diethylamide,...Ch. 5 - Methane (CH4) is the main component of marsh gas....Ch. 5 - A potential fuel for rockets is a combination of...Ch. 5 - A 0.4230-g sample of impure sodium nitrate was...Ch. 5 - An iron ore sample contains Fe2O3 plus other...Ch. 5 - Commercial brass, an alloy of Zn and Cu, reacts...Ch. 5 - Vitamin A has a molar mass of 286.4 g/mol and a...Ch. 5 - You have seven closed containers, each with equal...Ch. 5 - A substance X2Z has the composition (by mass) of...Ch. 5 - Consider samples of phosphine (PH3), water (H2O),...Ch. 5 - Calculate the number of moles for each compound in...Ch. 5 - Arrange the following substances in order of...Ch. 5 - Para-cresol, a substance used as a disinfectant...Ch. 5 - A compound with molar mass 180.1 g/mol has the...Ch. 5 - Which of the following statements about chemical...Ch. 5 - Consider the following unbalanced chemical...Ch. 5 - Sulfur dioxide gas reacts with sodium hydroxide to...Ch. 5 - Gallium arsenide, GaAs, has gained widespread use...Ch. 5 - Consider the following data for three binary...Ch. 5 - Natural rubidium has the average mass of 85.4678 u...Ch. 5 - A compound contains only carbon, hydrogen,...Ch. 5 - Nitric acid is produced commercially by the...Ch. 5 - When the supply of oxygen is limited, iron metal...Ch. 5 - A 9.780-g gaseous mixture contains ethane (C2H6)...Ch. 5 - Zinc and magnesium metal each reacts with...Ch. 5 - A gas contains a mixture of NH3(g) and N2H4(g),...Ch. 5 - Consider a gaseous binary compound with a molar...Ch. 5 - A 2.25-g sample of scandium metal is reacted with...Ch. 5 - In the production of printed circuit boards for...Ch. 5 - The aspirin substitute, acetaminophen (C8H9O2N),...Ch. 5 - An element X forms both a dichloride (XCl2) and a...Ch. 5 - When M2S3(s) is heated in air, it is converted to...Ch. 5 - When aluminum metal is heated with an element from...Ch. 5 - Consider a mixture of potassium chloride and...Ch. 5 - Ammonia reacts with O2 to form either NO(g) or...Ch. 5 - You take 1.00 g of an aspirin tablet (a compound...Ch. 5 - With the advent of techniques such as scanning...Ch. 5 - Tetrodotoxin is a toxic chemical found in fugu...Ch. 5 - An iortic compound MX3 is prepared according to...Ch. 5 - The compound As2I4 is synthesized by reaction of...Ch. 5 - A compound XF5 is 42.81% fluorine by mass....Ch. 5 - A 2.077-g sample of an element, which has an...Ch. 5 - Consider the following balanced chemical equation:...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
The best and safest source of vitamin D for people in the United States is exposure to sunshine. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Speed is a(n) ___ quantity. (2.2)

An Introduction to Physical Science

Describe the quaternary protein structure of hemoglobin.

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry

In what ways is the celestial sphere a scientific model?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

A light, rigid rod of length l = 1.00 m joins two particles, with masses m1 = 4.00 kg and m2 = 3.00 kg, at its ...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

Why was the Board of Longitude hesitant to pay Harrison the monetary reward for the chronometer?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin