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Fundamentals of Financial Manageme...

14th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285867977
BuyFind

Fundamentals of Financial Manageme...

14th Edition
Eugene F. Brigham + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285867977

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 5, Problem 1Q
Textbook Problem

What is an opportunity cost? How is this concept used in TVM analysis, and where is it shown on a time line? Is a single number used in all situations? Explain.

Expert Solution
Summary Introduction

To explain: The opportunity cost, the concept of opportunity cost used in TVM analysis and where it is shown on time line.

Introduction:

Opportunity cost: The opportunity cost refers to the cost which an alternative investment of the similar risk had given. With the help of opportunity cost, the investor can choose the better lender as the best rate of return can be determined. The future value of money can be increased with the help of opportunity cost.

Time-value of money analysis: The time-value of money analysis refers to that analysis which is done to understand the change in value of money with time. With the help of this analysis, it is determined that whether the value of money is increased or decreased with time. This analysis is used in financial and investment decisions and is very helpful for financial users and investors.

Answer to Problem 1Q

  • The opportunity cost refers to that cost which is left out to choose an alternative of the similar type and risk. If the risks associated with two options are the same and the individual has to choose one, the cost associated with that thing which is left is the opportunity cost.
  • That is why opportunity cost is also called as the alternative cost.
  • The opportunity cost plays an important role in the decisions of the user and in many other management decisions.
  • The time value of money analysis is used by the investors. With the help of opportunity cost used in the time value of money analysis, the investors can choose the lenders which will give the best rate of return. When that option is chosen which gives the best rate of return, the future value of money is increased.
  • The opportunity cost is shown for every cash inflows and cash outflows on a time line.
  • In all the given situations, the interest rate is utilized as the single number.

Explanation of Solution

  • The opportunity cost is a very important factor in making financial and management decisions.
  • The time value of money analysis is done with the help of opportunity costs, by which the investors are able to make better decisions that helps them in earning more value of money in future.
  • The time line is the visual representation of the time value of money analysis. The time line represents the time periods and the value of cash flows for that period with the interest rate.
  • The single number which is used is the rate of interest, as the rate of interest is an important factor in this analysis.
Conclusion

Thus, the opportunity cost is the alternative cost, it is an important factor in time value of money analysis, and the interest rate is the single number used.

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Fundamentals of Financial Management (MindTap Course List)
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Ch. 5 - FINDING THE REQUIRED INTEREST RATE Your parents...Ch. 5 - TIME FOR A LUMP SUM TO DOUBLE If you deposit money...Ch. 5 - TIME TO REACH A FINANCIAL GOAL You have 42,180.53...Ch. 5 - FUTURE VALUE: ANNUITY VERSUS ANNUITY DUE What's...Ch. 5 - PRESENT AND FUTURE VALUES Of A CASH FLOW STREAM An...Ch. 5 - LOAN AMORTIZATION AND EAR You want to buy a car....Ch. 5 - PRESENT AND FUTURE VALUES FOR DIFFERENT PERIOOS...Ch. 5 - PRESENT AND FUTURE VALUES FOR DIFFERENT INTEREST...Ch. 5 - GROWTH RATES Shalit Corporations 2014 sales were...Ch. 5 - EFFECTIVE RATE OF INTEREST Find the interest rates...Ch. 5 - TIME FOR A LUMP SUM TO DOUBLE How long will it...Ch. 5 - FUTURE VALUE OF AN ANNUITY Find the future values...Ch. 5 - PRESENT VALUE OF AN ANNUITY Find the present...Ch. 5 - PRESENT VALUE OF A PERPETUITY What is the present...Ch. 5 - EFFECTIVE INTEREST RATE You borrow 85,000; the...Ch. 5 - UNEVEN CASH FLOW STREAM a. Find the present values...Ch. 5 - FUTURE VALUE OF AN ANNUITY Your client is 40 years...Ch. 5 - PV OF A CASH FLOW STREAM A rookie quarterback is...Ch. 5 - EVALUATING LUMP SUMS AND ANNUITIES Crissie just...Ch. 5 - LOAN AMORTIZATION Jan sold her house on December...Ch. 5 - FUTURE VALUE FOR VARIOUS COMPOUNDING PERIODS Find...Ch. 5 - PRESENT VALUE FOR VARIOUS DISCOUNTING PERIODS Find...Ch. 5 - FUTURE VALUE OF AN ANNUITY Kind the future values...Ch. 5 - PV AND LOAN ELIGIBILITY You have saved 4,000 for a...Ch. 5 - EFFECTIVE VERSUS NOMINAL INTEREST RATES Bank A...Ch. 5 - NOMINAL INTEREST RATE AND EXTENDING CREDIT As a...Ch. 5 - BUILDING CREDIT COST INTO PRICES Your firm sells...Ch. 5 - REACHING A FINANCIAL GOAL Erika and Kitty, who are...Ch. 5 - REQUIRED LUMP SUM PAYMENT Starting next year, you...Ch. 5 - REACHING A FINANCIAL GOAL Six years from today you...Ch. 5 - FV OF UNEVEN CASH FLOW You want to buy a house...Ch. 5 - AMORTIZATION SCHEDULE a. Set up an amortization...Ch. 5 - AMORTIZATION SCHEDULE WITH A BALLOON PAYMENT You...Ch. 5 - NONANNUAL COMPOUNDING a. You plan to make five...Ch. 5 - PAYING OFF CREDIT CARDS Simon recently received a...Ch. 5 - PV AND A LAWSUIT SETTLEMENT It is now December 31,...Ch. 5 - REQUIRED ANNUITY PAYMENTS Your father is 50 years...Ch. 5 - REQUIRED ANNUITY PAYMENTS A father is now planning...Ch. 5 - TIME VALUE OF MONEY Answer the following...Ch. 5 - TIME VALUE OF MONEY ANALYSIS You have applied for...

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