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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Cardiopulmonary Anatomy & Physiolo...

7th Edition
Des Jardins + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337794909
Textbook Problem

Case 2

As a result of the excessively high transmural pressure, fluid leaked out of the pulmonary capillaries and into the alveoli and airways. Clinically, this was verified by the _________________ and _________________ heard on auscultation.

Summary Introduction

To review:

The blank in the statement, “As a result of the excessively high transmural pressure, fluid leaked out of the pulmonary capillaries and into the alveoli and airways. Clinically, this was verified by the ____ and ____ heard on auscultation.”

Introduction:

Transmural pressure is the difference between the intravascular/intraluminal pressure and the pressure around the vessel. The blood pressure is directly related to the ventricular afterload, ventricular preload, transmural pressure, and ventricular contractility.

Explanation

Given information:

Please refer to Clinical Case application -2.

In this case, as the preload was increased, the left ventricle was unable to meet the increased blood volume demand, and thus, backed up into patient’s lungs leading to increased transmural pressure...

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