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Inquiry into Physics

8th Edition
Ostdiek
ISBN: 9781337515863
Textbook Problem

(¦ Indicates a review question, which means it requires only a basic understanding of the material to answer. Questions without this designation typically require integrating or extending the concepts presented thus far.)

¦ Describe how changing the air pressure affects the temperature at which water boils.

To determine

How change in air pressure affects the temperature at which water boils?

Explanation

Introduction:

With a change in air pressure we notice that boiling point of water also changes.

  • Boiling point of water is the point of temperature at which the vapour pressure of water vapour is equal to atmospheric pressure.
  • The vapour pressure is the pressure exerted by the gas when the amount of particles leaving the liquid equals the amount of particles entering the liquid.
.

Even at room temperature, in a liquid, some particles always have enough energy to escape to the gas phase. Gaseous particles are also returning to the liquid.

As temperature increases, more particles have enough energy to escape to the gas phase...

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