# Determine the axial forces, shears, and bending moments at points A and B of the structure shown.

### Structural Analysis

6th Edition
KASSIMALI + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage,
ISBN: 9781337630931

Chapter
Section

### Structural Analysis

6th Edition
KASSIMALI + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage,
ISBN: 9781337630931
Chapter 5, Problem 3P
Textbook Problem
545 views

## Determine the axial forces, shears, and bending moments at points A and B of the structure shown.

To determine

Find the axial force, shear, and bending moment at points A and B of the beam.

### Explanation of Solution

Sign conversion:

Apply the sign convention for calculating the equations of equilibrium as below.

• For the horizontal forces equilibrium condition, take the force acting towards right side as positive (+) and the force acting towards left side as negative ().
• For the vertical forces equilibrium condition, take the upward force as positive (+) and downward force as negative ().
• For moment equilibrium condition, take the clockwise moment as negative and counter clockwise moment as positive.

Apply the following sign convention for calculating the axial forces, shear and bending moments.

• When the portion of the beam considered is left of the section, then the external force acting to the left are considered as positive.
• When the portion of the beam considered is right of the section, then the external force acting to the right are considered as positive.
• When the portion of the beam considered is left of the section, then the external force acting upward are considered as positive.
• When the portion of the beam considered is right of the section, then the external force acting downward are considered as positive.
• When the portion of the beam considered is left of the section, then the clockwise moments are considered as positive.
• When the portion of the beam considered is right of the section, then the counterclockwise moments are considered as positive.

Calculation:

Show the free-body diagram of the entire beam as in Figure 1.

Find the horizontal reaction at point D by resolving the horizontal equilibrium.

+Fx=0Dx=0Dx=0

Find the vertical reaction at point D by resolving the vertical equilibrium.

+Fy=0100+Dy=0Dy=100kN

Find the moment at point D by taking moment about the point D.

+MD=075+100(6)MD=075+600MD=0MD=675kN-m

Pass the sections aa and bb at points A and B respectively.

Show the sections aa and bb as in Figure 2.

Consider section aa:

Consider the left side of the section aa for calculation of internal forces.

Show the free-body diagram of the left side of the section aa as in Figure 3.

Find the axial force at point A by resolving the horizontal equilibrium.

+Fx=0QA=0QA=0

Find the shear at point A by resolving the vertical equilibrium

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