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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781305081079
BuyFind

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781305081079

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 5, Problem 5.100EP
Textbook Problem

Classify each of the following compounds as (1) an ester, (2) a carboxylic acid, or (3) a carboxylic acid salt.

  1. a. Ethyl formate
  2. b. Ethyl ethanoate
  3. c. Potassium ethanoate
  4. d. Potassium ethanedioate

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Organic And Biological Chemistry
Ch. 5.3 - The common names for the C2 mono- and dicarboxylic...Ch. 5.3 - The common name for the C4 unbranched dicarboxylic...Ch. 5.3 - In which of the following pairs of carboxylic...Ch. 5.4 - Which of the following acids is a hydroxy acid? a....Ch. 5.4 - Which of the following acids is a keto acid? a....Ch. 5.4 - Which of the following structural statements about...Ch. 5.5 - At room temperature, unsubstituted saturated...Ch. 5.5 - Carboxylic acid molecules readily hydrogen-bond to...Ch. 5.5 - When compared to alcohols of similar molecular...Ch. 5.6 - Which of the following types of compounds cannot...Ch. 5.6 - Aromatic carboxylic acids are prepared via...Ch. 5.7 - Which of the following statements about acid...Ch. 5.7 - Which of the following statements about...Ch. 5.7 - Carboxylate ions are named by dropping the -ic...Ch. 5.8 - Which of the following substances would react with...Ch. 5.8 - Carboxylic acid salts may be converted back to...Ch. 5.8 - Several carboxylic acid salts are used as a. food...Ch. 5.8 - The IUPAC name for the propanoic acid salt is a....Ch. 5.9 - The small inorganic molecule produced in a...Ch. 5.9 - The organic product produced when the molecule...Ch. 5.10 - An ester is a carboxylic acid derivative in which...Ch. 5.10 - How many carbon atoms are present in the structure...Ch. 5.11 - Esters are produced through a condensation...Ch. 5.11 - The parent acid for the ester molecule is a(n) a....Ch. 5.11 - Which of the following is an incorrect...Ch. 5.12 - IUPAC ester nomenclature is very similar to that...Ch. 5.12 - The IUPAC name for the ester is a. ethyl methyl...Ch. 5.12 - The IUPAC name for the ester formed when butanoic...Ch. 5.12 - The common name for the ester whose IUPAC name is...Ch. 5.13 - Small changes in the structures of esters can...Ch. 5.13 - Which of the following is an ester of salicylic...Ch. 5.14 - Esters can be functional group isomers with which...Ch. 5.14 - Which of the following is not a positional isomer...Ch. 5.14 - Which of the following is a functional group...Ch. 5.15 - What is the physical state of all...Ch. 5.15 - Theoretically, how many hydrogen bonds can an...Ch. 5.15 - How many hydrogen bonds can an ester molecule form...Ch. 5.16 - In ester hydrolysis under acidic conditions, the...Ch. 5.16 - In ester saponification, the reaction products are...Ch. 5.16 - In ester hydrolysis the bond within the ester that...Ch. 5.17 - Which of the following is the general structural...Ch. 5.17 - Acetyl coenzyme A, the most important naturally...Ch. 5.18 - Most commonly, the monomers for the formation of a...Ch. 5.18 - The monomers in a polyester are linked to each...Ch. 5.18 - Monomers for PET, the best-known polyester now...Ch. 5.19 - Preparation of an acid chloride from its parent...Ch. 5.19 - Which of the following statements concerning acid...Ch. 5.19 - Hydrolysis of an acid anhydride produces a. two...Ch. 5.19 - Which of the following reactions would not be...Ch. 5.20 - The most important inorganic esters, from a...Ch. 5.20 - How many oxygen atoms are present in a molecule of...Ch. 5.20 - How many acidic hydrogen atoms are present in a...Ch. 5.20 - The chemical formula for a phosphoryl group a....Ch. 5 - In which of the following compounds is a carboxyl...Ch. 5 - In which of the following compounds is a carboxyl...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether or not each of the compounds in...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether or not each of the compounds in...Ch. 5 - Write the general structural formula for each of...Ch. 5 - Write the general structural formula for the...Ch. 5 - For each of the following types of compounds, all...Ch. 5 - For each of the following type of compounds, all...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the compounds in Problem 16-7 as...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the compounds in Problem 16-8 as...Ch. 5 - Which of the designations carboxyl group present,...Ch. 5 - Which of the designations carboxyl group present,...Ch. 5 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 5 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula that...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula that...Ch. 5 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula that...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula that...Ch. 5 - What is the common name for each of the following...Ch. 5 - What is the common name for each of the following...Ch. 5 - How many carbon atoms are present in each of the...Ch. 5 - How many carbon atoms are present in each of the...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula, using the...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula, using the...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula, using the...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula, using the...Ch. 5 - Each of the following acids contains an additional...Ch. 5 - Each of the following acids contains an additional...Ch. 5 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the acids in...Ch. 5 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the acids in...Ch. 5 - Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 5 - Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following carboxylic acids as...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following carboxylic acids as...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following unbranched...Ch. 5 - Indicate whether each of the following unbranched...Ch. 5 - Determine the maximum number of hydrogen bonds...Ch. 5 - Determine the maximum number of hydrogen bonds...Ch. 5 - What is the physical state (solid, liquid, or gas)...Ch. 5 - What is the physical state (solid, liquid, or gas)...Ch. 5 - Draw a structural formula for the carboxylic acid...Ch. 5 - Draw a structural formula for the carboxylic acid...Ch. 5 - How many acidic hydrogen atoms are present in each...Ch. 5 - How many acidic hydrogen atoms are present in each...Ch. 5 - What is the charge on the carboxylate ion formed...Ch. 5 - What is the charge on the carboxylate ion formed...Ch. 5 - What is the name of the carboxylate ion that forms...Ch. 5 - What is the name of the carboxylate ion that forms...Ch. 5 - Write a chemical equation for the formation of...Ch. 5 - Write a chemical equation for the formation of...Ch. 5 - Draw structural formulas for the following...Ch. 5 - Draw structural formulas for the following...Ch. 5 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Give the IUPAC name for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Give the common name for each of the carboxylic...Ch. 5 - Give the common name for each of the carboxylic...Ch. 5 - Write a chemical equation for the preparation of...Ch. 5 - Write a chemical equation for the preparation of...Ch. 5 - Write a chemical equation for the conversion of...Ch. 5 - Write a chemical equation for the conversion of...Ch. 5 - What is an antimicrobial?Ch. 5 - Which three carboxylic acids have salts that are...Ch. 5 - Which carboxylic acid has salts that are used to...Ch. 5 - Which carboxylic acid has salts that are used to...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following substances as (1) a...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following substances as (1) a...Ch. 5 - How many ions are present in one formula unit of...Ch. 5 - How many ions are present in one formula unit of...Ch. 5 - What small inorganic molecule is always a product...Ch. 5 - A prerequisite for a decarboxylation reaction is...Ch. 5 - Draw the structures of the organic compounds...Ch. 5 - Draw the structures of the organic compounds...Ch. 5 - Characterize an ester functional group in terms of...Ch. 5 - Give two linear notations for designating the...Ch. 5 - Which of the following structures represent...Ch. 5 - Which of the following structures represent...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following substances as (1)...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following substances as (1)...Ch. 5 - Draw the structure of the ester produced from the...Ch. 5 - Draw the structure of the ester produced from the...Ch. 5 - For each of the following esters, draw the...Ch. 5 - For each of the following esters, draw the...Ch. 5 - What are lactones, and by what chemical reaction...Ch. 5 - What is the difference between a -lactone and a...Ch. 5 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 5 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 5 - Assign common names to each of the esters in...Ch. 5 - Assign common names to each of the esters in...Ch. 5 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 5 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 5 - Draw a structural formula for each of the...Ch. 5 - Assign IUPAC names to the esters that are produced...Ch. 5 - Assign IUPAC names to the esters that are produced...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following compounds as (1) an...Ch. 5 - Classify each of the following compounds as (1) an...Ch. 5 - How many carbon atoms are present in a molecule of...Ch. 5 - How many carbon atoms are present in a molecule of...Ch. 5 - With the help of Table 16-4, identify the flavor...Ch. 5 - With the help of Table 16-4, identify the flavor...Ch. 5 - Structurally contrast the ester flavoring agents...Ch. 5 - Structurally contrast the ester flavoring agents...Ch. 5 - How does the structure of aspirin differ from that...Ch. 5 - How does the structure of oil of wintergreen...Ch. 5 - Why is the lactone nepetalactone, present in the...Ch. 5 - What is the original source of the large-ring...Ch. 5 - Give IUPAC names for the four isomeric C5...Ch. 5 - Give IUPAC names for the eight isomeric C6...Ch. 5 - Give IUPAC names for the four isomeric methyl...Ch. 5 - Give IUPAC names for the two isomeric ethyl esters...Ch. 5 - How many esters exist that are isomeric with...Ch. 5 - How many esters exist that are isomeric with...Ch. 5 - Draw condensed structural formulas for all...Ch. 5 - Draw condensed structural formulas for all...Ch. 5 - The general molecular formula for an alkane is...Ch. 5 - How does the general molecular formula for an...Ch. 5 - What is the maximum number of hydrogen bonds that...Ch. 5 - What is the maximum number of hydrogen bonds that...Ch. 5 - With the help of Figure 16-15, determine the...Ch. 5 - With the help of Figure 16-15, determine the...Ch. 5 - Write the structural formulas of the reaction...Ch. 5 - Write the structural formulas of the reaction...Ch. 5 - Write the structural formulas of the reaction...Ch. 5 - Write the structural formulas of the reaction...Ch. 5 - What are the IUPAC names of the products formed...Ch. 5 - What are the IUPAC names of the products formed...Ch. 5 - What are the IUPAC names of the products formed...Ch. 5 - What are the IUPAC names of the products formed...Ch. 5 - Draw structures of the reaction products in the...Ch. 5 - Draw structures of the reaction products in the...Ch. 5 - Draw the structures of the thioesters formed as a...Ch. 5 - Draw the structures of the thioesters formed as a...Ch. 5 - Draw the structural formula for each of the...Ch. 5 - Draw the structural formula for each of the...Ch. 5 - Write the structure (two repeating units) of the...Ch. 5 - Write the structure (two repeating units) of the...Ch. 5 - Draw the structural formulas of the monomers...Ch. 5 - Draw the structural formulas of the monomers...Ch. 5 - What are the names of the monomers used to produce...Ch. 5 - What are the names of the monomers used to produce...Ch. 5 - Draw the condensed structural formula for each of...Ch. 5 - Draw the condensed structural formula for each of...Ch. 5 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 5 - Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula for the...Ch. 5 - Draw a condensed structural formula for the...Ch. 5 - Draw the condensed structural formulas for the...Ch. 5 - Draw the condensed structural formulas for the...Ch. 5 - What is the IUPAC name for the acyl group present...Ch. 5 - What is the IUPAC name for the acyl group present...Ch. 5 - In general terms, what are the products obtained...Ch. 5 - In general terms, what are the products obtained...Ch. 5 - Draw the structures of the esters formed by...Ch. 5 - Draw the structures of the esters formed by...Ch. 5 - Draw the generalized structure for each of the...Ch. 5 - Draw the generalized structure for each of the...Ch. 5 - What is a phosphoryl group?Ch. 5 - What is a phosphorylation reaction?Ch. 5 - Draw structural formulas (ionic form) for the...Ch. 5 - Draw structural formulas (ionic form) for the...

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