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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Classify each of the following compounds as (1) an ester, (2) a carboxylic acid, or (3) a carboxylic acid salt.

  1. a. Ethyl formate
  2. b. Ethyl ethanoate
  3. c. Potassium ethanoate
  4. d. Potassium ethanedioate

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Ethyl formate has to be classified as an ester or carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid salt.

Concept Introduction:

Carboxylic acids are compounds that contains carboxyl group in it.  Carboxyl group is the functional group of carboxylic acid.

Carboxylic acid salts are compounds that possess a negative charge on the carboxyl group due to removal of acidic proton.  The carboxylate ion that is negative charge and the positive ion are present as separate entity.

Esters are compounds that contains carboxyl group in which the oxygen atom bonded to the carbonyl group is bonded to another carbon atom.

Explanation

Structure of ethyl formate is,

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Ethyl ethanoate has to be classified as an ester or carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid salt.

Concept Introduction:

Carboxylic acids are compounds that contains carboxyl group in it.  Carboxyl group is the functional group of carboxylic acid.

Carboxylic acid salts are compounds that possess a negative charge on the carboxyl group due to removal of acidic proton.  The carboxylate ion that is negative charge and the positive ion are present as separate entity.

Esters are compounds that contains carboxyl group in which the oxygen atom bonded to the carbonyl group is bonded to another carbon atom.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Potassium ethanoate has to be classified as an ester or carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid salt.

Concept Introduction:

Carboxylic acids are compounds that contains carboxyl group in it.  Carboxyl group is the functional group of carboxylic acid.

Carboxylic acid salts are compounds that possess a negative charge on the carboxyl group due to removal of acidic proton.  The carboxylate ion that is negative charge and the positive ion are present as separate entity.

Esters are compounds that contains carboxyl group in which the oxygen atom bonded to the carbonyl group is bonded to another carbon atom.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Potassium ethanedioate has to be classified as an ester or carboxylic acid or carboxylic acid salt.

Concept Introduction:

Carboxylic acids are compounds that contains carboxyl group in it.  Carboxyl group is the functional group of carboxylic acid.

Carboxylic acid salts are compounds that possess a negative charge on the carboxyl group due to removal of acidic proton.  The carboxylate ion that is negative charge and the positive ion are present as separate entity.

Esters are compounds that contains carboxyl group in which the oxygen atom bonded to the carbonyl group is bonded to another carbon atom.

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