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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 5, Problem 5.10YT
Textbook Problem
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Determining if a Molecule Is Polar

Is SCl 2 a polar or nonpolar molecule?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Whether the molecule SCl2 is polar or nonpolar is to be determined.

Concept introduction:

The bond formed between atoms with different electronegativites is a polar bond.

In the nonpolar bonds, the electrons are equally shared between the atoms.

In the polar bonds, the electrons are shared unequally between the atoms, which creates a dipole moment.

To classify the molecule as polar or nonpolar, the molecular geometry of the molecule is considered with the help of the Lewis structure and the VSPER theory. If the molecule has a dipole moment, the molecule is termed as a polar molecule. The symmetrical molecules are nonpolar because the dipole moments cancel each other.

Explanation of Solution

The Lewis structure of SCl2 is as follows:

The two bonding atoms S and Cl have different values of electronegativity. Thus, the bonds in the molecule SCl2 are polar. The central atom is S, which has two bonding groups and two lone pairs

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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