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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following compounds.

Chapter 5, Problem 5.147EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following compounds. , example  1

Chapter 5, Problem 5.147EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following compounds. , example  2

Chapter 5, Problem 5.147EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following compounds. , example  3

Chapter 5, Problem 5.147EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following compounds. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given compound has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an acid anhydride, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains two carbonyl groups that is joined by a single oxygen atom.  This can also be said as two acyl group joined by a single oxygen atom.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.147EP , additional homework tip  1

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an acid anhydride:

  • IUPAC name and common name for Symmetric anhydride is obtained by replacing the acid present in the name of parent carboxylic acid with the word anhydride.
  • IUPAC name and common name for mixed anhydride is obtained by using the names of the parent carboxylic acids arranged in alphabetical order that is followed by the word anhydride.
Explanation

Given structure of compound is,

The acyl groups are identified as shown below,

This is a mixed anhydride.  The parent carboxylic acid from which the anhydride is formed is ethanoic acid and propanoic acid...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given compound has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an acid chloride, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains one acyl group with a chlorine atom bonded to the carbonyl group

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.147EP , additional homework tip  2

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an acid chloride:

  • IUPAC name for acid chloride can be obtained from the parent carboxylic acid name.  In the parent carboxylic acid name, the ending “-oic acid” is replaced by “-oyl chloride”.
  • Common name for acid chloride can be obtained from the parent carboxylic acid name.  In the parent carboxylic acid name, the ending “-ic acid” is replaced by “-yl chloride”.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given compound has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an acid chloride, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains one acyl group with a chlorine atom bonded to the carbonyl group

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.147EP , additional homework tip  3

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an acid chloride:

  • IUPAC name for acid chloride can be obtained from the parent carboxylic acid name.  In the parent carboxylic acid name, the ending “-oic acid” is replaced by “-oyl chloride”.
  • Common name for acid chloride can be obtained from the parent carboxylic acid name.  In the parent carboxylic acid name, the ending “-ic acid” is replaced by “-yl chloride”.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given compound has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an acid anhydride, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains two carbonyl groups that is joined by a single oxygen atom.  This can also be said as two acyl group joined by a single oxygen atom.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.147EP , additional homework tip  4

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an acid anhydride:

  • IUPAC name and common name for Symmetric anhydride is obtained by replacing the acid present in the name of parent carboxylic acid with the word anhydride.
  • IUPAC name and common name for mixed anhydride is obtained by using the names of the parent carboxylic acids arranged in alphabetical order that is followed by the word anhydride.

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