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CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933

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FindFindarrow_forward

CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The formula of nickel(II)perchlorate has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

In the formula of the compound, the sum of the charge of cation and anion must be equal to zero.  The ratio of cation and anion to be known in order to arrive the formula of a compound.

Rules for Nomenclature of ionic compounds:

The name of the cation is followed by the name of the anion.

Polyatomic ions: Ions that consist of a combination of two or more atoms.

Polyprotic ions: It contains more than one ionizable hydrogen atom

Oxoacids: Acids when dissolved in water produce hydrogen ions and the corresponding oxoanion.

Oxoanions: Anions that contain one or more than one oxygen atoms with different element at the center.

Naming rules of Oxoanions:

In order to apply the following rules, the formulae and charge of the Oxoanions whose names end in -ate to be known.

  • The ion with one more Oxygen atom than the -ate ion is called the per..ate ion. Thus, ClO3- is the chlorate ion, so ClO4- is the perchlorate ion.
  • The ion with one less Oxygen atom than the -ate ion is called the -ite ion.  Thus, the anion ClO2- is the chlorite ion.
  • The ion with two fewer Oxygen atoms than the -ate ion is called hypo..ite ion.  Thus, the anion ClO- is the hypochlorite ion.

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