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Closing the accounts of a merchandiser From the following list, identify the accounts that should be closed to Income Summary at the end of the fiscal year under a perpetual inventory system: (A) Accounts Payable, (B) Advertising Expense, (C) Cost of Goods Sold, (D) Dividends, (E) Inventory, (F) Sales, (G) Supplies, (H) Supplies Expense, (I) Wages Payable.

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Corporate Financial Accounting

14th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305653535

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Corporate Financial Accounting

14th Edition
Carl Warren + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305653535
Chapter 5, Problem 5.30EX
Textbook Problem
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Closing the accounts of a merchandiser

From the following list, identify the accounts that should be closed to Income Summary at the end of the fiscal year under a perpetual inventory system: (A) Accounts Payable, (B) Advertising Expense, (C) Cost of Goods Sold, (D) Dividends, (E) Inventory, (F) Sales, (G) Supplies, (H) Supplies Expense, (I) Wages Payable.

To determine

Closing entries: These refers to the journal entries that are recorded at the end of an each accounting period. It closes all revenue accounts earned, and all expenses account incurred during the current accounting year to the income summary account.

The following accounts are to be closed at the end of the year:

  • Revenue accounts
  • Expense accounts
  • Income Summary account
  • Dividend account

To Identify: The accounts that should be closed at the end of the fiscal year.

Explanation of Solution

The following are the four-steps of closing process for a merchandising company.

  • Close all the revenue accounts to the income summary account.
  • Close all the expense accounts to the income summary account...

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Corporate Financial Accounting
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Ch. 5 - Gross profit During the current year, merchandise...Ch. 5 - Purchases transactions Hoffman Company purchased...Ch. 5 - Sales transactions Journalize the following...Ch. 5 - Freight terms Determine the amount to be paid in...Ch. 5 - Transactions for buyer and seller Shore Co. sold...Ch. 5 - Adjusting entries Halm Flooring Company uses a...Ch. 5 - Determining gross profit During the current year,...Ch. 5 - Determining cost of goods sold For a recent year....Ch. 5 - Purchase-related transactions The Stationery...Ch. 5 - Purchase-related transactions A retailer is...Ch. 5 - Purchase-related transactions The debits and...Ch. 5 - Purchase-related transactions Warwicks Co., a...Ch. 5 - Purchase-related transactions Journalize entries...Ch. 5 - Sales-related transactions, including the use of...Ch. 5 - Customer refund Senger Company sold merchandise of...Ch. 5 - Customer return and refund On December 28,...Ch. 5 - Sales-related transactions After the amount due on...Ch. 5 - Sales-related transactions The debits and credits...Ch. 5 - Sales-related transactions Sayers Co. sold...Ch. 5 - Determining amounts to be paid on invoices...Ch. 5 - Sales-related transactions Showcase Co., a...Ch. 5 - Purchase-related transactions Based on the data...Ch. 5 - Chart of accounts Monet Paints Co. is a newly...Ch. 5 - Sales tax A sale of merchandise on account for...Ch. 5 - Sales tax transactions Journalize the entries to...Ch. 5 - Normal balances of merchandise accounts What is...Ch. 5 - Income statement and accounts for merchandiser For...Ch. 5 - Income statement for merchandiser The following...Ch. 5 - Determining amounts for items omitted from income...Ch. 5 - Multiple-step income statement On March 31, 2018,...Ch. 5 - Multiple-step income statement The following...Ch. 5 - Single-step income statement Summary operating...Ch. 5 - Adjusting entry for customer refunds, allowances,...Ch. 5 - Adjusting entry for customer refunds, allowances,...Ch. 5 - Adjusting entry for inventory shrinkage Omega Tire...Ch. 5 - Closing the accounts of a merchandiser From the...Ch. 5 - Closing entries; net income Based on the data...Ch. 5 - Closing entries On July 31, the close of the...Ch. 5 - Rules of debit and credit for periodic inventory...Ch. 5 - Journal entries using the periodic inventory...Ch. 5 - Identify items missing in determining cost of...Ch. 5 - Cost of goods sold and related items The following...Ch. 5 - Cost of goods sold Based on the following data,...Ch. 5 - Cost of goods sold Based on the following data,...Ch. 5 - Cost of goods sold Identify the errors in the...Ch. 5 - Closing entries using periodic inventory system...Ch. 5 - Purchase-related transactions using perpetual...Ch. 5 - Sales-related transactions using perpetual...Ch. 5 - Sales-related and purchase-related transactions...Ch. 5 - Sales-related and purchase-related transactions...Ch. 5 - Multiple-step income statement and balance sheet...Ch. 5 - Single-step income statement and balance sheet...Ch. 5 - Appendix Purchase-related transactions using...Ch. 5 - Appendix Sales-related and purchase-related...Ch. 5 - Appendix Sales-related and purchase-related...Ch. 5 - Appendix Periodic inventory accounts,...Ch. 5 - Purchase-related transactions using perpetual...Ch. 5 - Sales-related transactions using perpetual...Ch. 5 - Sales-related and purchase-related transactions...Ch. 5 - Sales-related and purchase-related transactions...Ch. 5 - Multiple-step income statement and balance sheet...Ch. 5 - Single-step income statement and balance sheet...Ch. 5 - Appendix PR 5-78 Purchase-related transactions...Ch. 5 - Appendix Sales-related and purchase-related...Ch. 5 - Appendix Sales-related and purchase-related...Ch. 5 - Appendix Periodic inventory accounts,...Ch. 5 - Palisade Creek Co. is a merchandising business...Ch. 5 - Continuing Company Analysis-Amazon: Asset turnover...Ch. 5 - Home Depot: Asset turnover ratio The Home Depot...Ch. 5 - Kroger: Asset turnover ratio The Kroger Company, a...Ch. 5 - J. C. Penney: Asset turnover ratio J. C. Penney...Ch. 5 - Ethics in Action Margie Johnson is a staff...Ch. 5 - Communication Suzi Nomro operates Watercraft...

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