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Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759
BuyFind

Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 5, Problem 5.47P
Textbook Problem

5-47 The three main components of dry air and the percentage of each are N2 (78.08%), O2 (20.95%), and Ar (0.93%).

(a) Calculate the mass of one mole of air.

(b) Given the mass of one mole of air, calculate the density of air in g/L at STP.

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry
Show all chapter solutions
Ch. 5.10 - Problem 5-11 What will happen to water vapor if it...Ch. 5 - 5-12 A weather report says that the barometric...Ch. 5 - 5-13 Use the kinetic molecular theory to explain...Ch. 5 - 5-14 Use the kinetic molecular theory to explain...Ch. 5 - 5-15 Name three ways by which the volume of a gas...Ch. 5 - 5-16 Answer true or false. (a) For a sample of gas...Ch. 5 - 5-17 A sample of gas has a volume of 6.20 L at...Ch. 5 - 5-18 Methane gas is compressed from 20. L to 2.5 L...Ch. 5 - 5-19 A gas syringe at 20°C contains 20.0 mL of CO2...Ch. 5 - 5-20 Suppose that the pressure in an automobile...Ch. 5 - 5-21 A sample of 23.0 L of NH3 gas at 10.0°C is...Ch. 5 - 5-22 If a sample of 4.17 L of ethane gas, C2H6, at...Ch. 5 - 5-23 A sample of SO2 gas has a volume of 5.2 L. It...Ch. 5 - 5-24 A sample of B2H6 gas in a 35-mL container is...Ch. 5 - 5-25 A gas in a bulb as in Figure 5-3 registers a...Ch. 5 - 5-26 In an autoclave, a constant amount of steam...Ch. 5 - 5-27 A sample of the inhalation anesthetic gas...Ch. 5 - 5-28 Complete this table: 546 L 43°C 6.5 atm 65°C...Ch. 5 - 5-29 Complete this table: 6.35 L 10°C 0.75 atm 0°C...Ch. 5 - 5-30 A balloon filled with 1.2 L of helium at 25°C...Ch. 5 - 5-31 A balloon used for atmospheric research has a...Ch. 5 - 5-32 A gas occupies 56.44 L at 2.00 atm and 310. K...Ch. 5 - 5-33 A certain quantity of helium gas is at a...Ch. 5 - 5-34 A sample of 30.0 mL of krypton gas, Kr, is at...Ch. 5 - 5-35 A 26.4-mL sample of ethylene gas, C2H4, has a...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.36PCh. 5 - 5-37 A sample of a gas at 77°C and 1.33 atm...Ch. 5 - 5-38 What is the volume in liters occupied by 1.21...Ch. 5 - 5-39 An 8.00-g sample of a gas occupies 22.4 L at...Ch. 5 - 5-40 What volume is occupied by 5.8 g of propane...Ch. 5 - 5-41 Does the density of a gas increase, decrease,...Ch. 5 - 5-42 What volume in milliliters does 0.275 g of...Ch. 5 - 5-43 A hyperbaric chamber has a volume of 200. L....Ch. 5 - 5-44 One breath of air has a volume of 2 L at STP....Ch. 5 - 5-45 An average pair of lungs has a volume of 5.5...Ch. 5 - 5-46 Calculate the molar mass of a gas if 3.30 g...Ch. 5 - 5-47 The three main components of dry air and the...Ch. 5 - 5-48 The density ofFreon-12, CCI2F2 at STP is 4.99...Ch. 5 - 5-49 Calculate the density in g/L of each of these...Ch. 5 - 5-50 How many molecules of CO are in 100. L of CO...Ch. 5 - 5-51 The density of liquid octane, C8H18, is...Ch. 5 - 5-52 The density of acetylene gas, C2H2, in a 4-L...Ch. 5 - 5-53 Sodium metal reacts explosively with...Ch. 5 - 5-54 Automobile air bags are inflated by nitrogen...Ch. 5 - 5-55 Answer true or false. (a) Partial pressure is...Ch. 5 - 5-56 The three main components of dry air and the...Ch. 5 - 5-57 Air in the trachea contains oxygen (19.4%),...Ch. 5 - 5-58 The partial pressures of a mixture of gases...Ch. 5 - 5-59 Answer true or false. (a) According to the...Ch. 5 - 5-60 Compare and contrast Dalton's atomic theory...Ch. 5 - 5-61 Answer true or false. (a) Of the forces of...Ch. 5 - 5-62 Which forces are stronger, intramolecular...Ch. 5 - 5-63 Under which condition does water vapor behave...Ch. 5 - 5-64 Can water and dimethyl sulfoxide, (CH3)2S=O,...Ch. 5 - 5-65 What kind of intermolecular interactions take...Ch. 5 - 5-66 Ethanol, C2H5OH, and carbon dioxide, CO2,...Ch. 5 - 5-67 Can dipole—dipole interactions ever be weaker...Ch. 5 - 5-68 Which compound has a higher boiling point:...Ch. 5 - 5-69 Answer true or false. (a) The ideal gas law...Ch. 5 - 5-70 The melting point of chloroethane, CH3CH2CI,...Ch. 5 - 5-71 Answer true or false. (a) Formation of a...Ch. 5 - 5-72 Identify the type of crystalline solid (i.e.,...Ch. 5 - 5-73 Answer true or false. (a) A phase change from...Ch. 5 - 5-74 Calculate the specific heat (Section 1-9) of...Ch. 5 - 5-75 The heat of vaporization of liquid Freon-12,...Ch. 5 - 5-76 The specific heat (Section 1-9) of mercury is...Ch. 5 - 5-77 Using Figure 5-14, estimate the vapor...Ch. 5 - 5-78 CH4 and H2O have about the same molecular...Ch. 5 - 5-79 The normal boiling point of a substance...Ch. 5 - 5-80 Refer to Figure 5-19. How many calories are...Ch. 5 - 5-81 Compare the number of calories absorbed when...Ch. 5 - 5-82 (a) How much energy is released when 10. g of...Ch. 5 - 5-83 When iodine vapor hits a cold surface, iodine...Ch. 5 - 5-84 If a 156-g block of dry ice, CO2, is sublimed...Ch. 5 - 5-85 Trichlorofluoromethane (Freon-11, CCI3F) as a...Ch. 5 - 5-86 Using the phase diagram of water (Figure...Ch. 5 - 5-87 (Chemical Connections 5A) What happens when a...Ch. 5 - 5-88 (Chemical Connections 5B) In carbon monoxide...Ch. 5 - 5-89 (Chemical Connections 5C) In a...Ch. 5 - 5-90 (Chemical Connections 5D) Why is the damage...Ch. 5 - 5-91 (Chemical Connections 5D) If you fill a glass...Ch. 5 - 5-92 (Chemical Connections 5E) In what way does...Ch. 5 - 5-93 Why is it difficult to compress a liquid or a...Ch. 5 - 5-94 Explain in terms of the kinetic molecular...Ch. 5 - 5-95 The unit of pressure most commonly used for...Ch. 5 - 5-96 The gas in an aerosol can is at a pressure of...Ch. 5 - 5-97 Why do aerosol cans carry the warning "Do not...Ch. 5 - 5-98 Under certain weather conditions (just before...Ch. 5 - 5-99 An ideal gas occupies 387 mL at 275 mmHg and...Ch. 5 - 5-100 Arrange the following solids in order of...Ch. 5 - 5-101 On the basis of what you have learned about...Ch. 5 - 5-102 A 10-L gas cylinder is filled with N2 to a...Ch. 5 - 5-103 When filled, a typical tank for an outdoor...Ch. 5 - 5-104 Explain why many gases are transparent.Ch. 5 - 5-105 The density of a gas is 0.00300 g/cm3 at...Ch. 5 - 5-106 The normal boiling point of hexane, C6H14,...Ch. 5 - 5-107 If 60.0 g of NH3 occupies 35.1 L under a...Ch. 5 - 5-108 Water is a liquid at STP. Hydrogen sulfide,...Ch. 5 - 5-109 Why does the temperature of a liquid drop as...Ch. 5 - 5-110 What volume of air (21% oxygen) measured at...Ch. 5 - 5-111 Diving, particularly SCUBA (Self-Contained...Ch. 5 - 5-112 Consider the mixing of 3.5 L of CO2(g) and...Ch. 5 - 5-113 Ammonia and gaseous hydrogen chloride react...Ch. 5 - 5-114 Carbon dioxide gas, saturated with water...Ch. 5 - 5-115 Ammonium nitrite decomposes upon heating to...Ch. 5 - 5-116 How much total heat in calories is required...Ch. 5 - 5-117 Determine the total amount of heat lost in...Ch. 5 - 5-118 Isooctane, which has a chemical formula...Ch. 5 - 5-119 Consider the decomposition of solid ammonium...Ch. 5 - 5-120 A 0.325 g sample of a compound containing...

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