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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 5, Problem 5.4YT
Textbook Problem
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Drawing Lewis Structures for Covalent Compounds II

Draw a Lewis structure for CO 2 .

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The Lewis structure for CO2 molecule is to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

The number of valence electrons of an atom is equal to the group number of the periodic table to which it belongs. Bonding atoms attain a stable electronic configuration, which generally has eight electrons in the valence shell.

The steps for drawing a covalent Lewis structure are as follows:

Write the skeletal structure of the molecule.

Atom that have the lowest electronegativity will be the central atom.

Add the number of valence electrons of each atom in the molecule to determine the total number of electrons in the molecule.

Place the electrons as dots to complete the octets of the atoms.

If the central atom has not obtained an octet, multiple bonds can be formed.

Explanation of Solution

Carbon is the central atom and oxygen atoms are arranged around it because carbon having the lowest electronegativity between carbon and oxygen. Thus, the skeletal structure for the compound is:

O     C     O

Calculate the total number of valence electrons for the Lewis structure by summation of the number of valence electrons for each atom.

Total number of valence electrons=2(# valence electron for O)+(# valence electron for C)

Substitute 6 for the number of valence electrons in O and 4 for the number of valence electrons in C in the above expression:

Total number of valence electrons

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 5 - Based on the Lewis structures for hydrogen and...Ch. 5 - In Chapter 3, we also learned that fluorine exists...Ch. 5 - Suppose that when drawing a Lewis structure for a...Ch. 5 - Carbon dioxide and water are both composed of a...Ch. 5 - Which one of the following bonds is polar? a. a...Ch. 5 - A nonpolar molecule has polar bonds. What must be...Ch. 5 - Why is salt, NaCl, relatively harmless even though...Ch. 5 - If sodium is dropped into water, a loud fizzing...Ch. 5 - Explain ionic bonding according to Lewis theory.Ch. 5 - Explain covalent bonding according to Lewis...Ch. 5 - Why is Lewis theory useful? Give some examples.Ch. 5 - Give the Bohr electron configuration and Lewis...Ch. 5 - Draw electron dot structures for the following...Ch. 5 - Explain VSEPR theory. According to this theory,...Ch. 5 - Why are the shapes of molecules important?Ch. 5 - Describe a polar covalent bond.Ch. 5 - In what ways is water unique? What about the water...Ch. 5 - What is the difference between a polar and a...Ch. 5 - Why do polar molecules have a greater tendency to...Ch. 5 - Explain, in molecular terms, why oil and water do...Ch. 5 - Lewis Structures for Atoms Draw Lewis structures...Ch. 5 - Draw Lewis structures for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Ionic Lewis Structures Draw a Lewis structure for...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each of the following...Ch. 5 - Covalent Lewis Structures Draw a Lewis structure...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure for each molecular...Ch. 5 - General Lewis Structures Determine whether each...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each compound is ionic or...Ch. 5 - What is wrong with each Lewis structure? Fix the...Ch. 5 - What is wrong with each Lewis structure? Fix the...Ch. 5 - Predicting the Shapes of Molecules Use VSEPR...Ch. 5 - Use VSEPR theory to determine the geometry of the...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure and use VSEPR theory to...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure and use VSEPR theory to...Ch. 5 - CF2Cl2 is a chlorofluorocarbon implicated in ozone...Ch. 5 - Chlorofluorocarbons have been banned because they...Ch. 5 - Determining Molecular Polarity Determine whether...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Determine whether each molecule is polar:...Ch. 5 - Explain why water would be a gas at room...Ch. 5 - What is the molecular reason behind the hexagonal...Ch. 5 - What would happen to the amount of UV light...Ch. 5 - One of the observations that led G. N. Lewis to...Ch. 5 - G. N. Lewis developed a model for chemical bonding...Ch. 5 - The opening quote of this chapter states that Man...Ch. 5 - Draw a Lewis structure of the H2 molecule. If you...Ch. 5 - Since the time of G. N. Lewis, other, more...Ch. 5 - The Lewis structures for CH4,N2,andCO2, along with...Ch. 5 - CH3COCH3 (acetone) is a common laboratory solvent...

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