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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Write a chemical equation for the formation of each of the following carboxylate ions, in aqueous solution, from its parent acid.

  1. a. Butanoate
  2. b. Succinate
  3. c. Benzoate
  4. d. α-Methylbutyrate

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The chemical equation for the formation of butanoate ion from its parent acid has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

Explanation

Carboxylic acids undergo ionization in water to form hydronium ion and carboxylate ion.  Hydronium ion is a positively charge and carboxylate ion is negatively charged.  Carboxylate ion is formed by loss of one or more acidic protons from carboxylic acid.

Given carboxylate ion is butanoate ion...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The chemical equation for the formation of succinate ion from its parent acid has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The chemical equation for the formation of benzoate ion from its parent acid has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The chemical equation for the formation of α-methylbutyrate ion from its parent acid has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

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