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CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933

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FindFindarrow_forward

CHEMISTRY: ATOMS FIRST VOL 1 W/CON...

14th Edition
Burdge
ISBN: 9781259327933

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Derive the chemical names of given compounds

Concept introduction:

  • Rules for naming compounds:

    1. Cation should come first followed by anion.

    2. Provide a roman numeral for cation to mention oxidation number of it.

    3. For anion, give root name of anion + ide.

  • Rules for naming polyatomic ions contains oxygen
Per + root name of element + ate Ion have one more oxygen than expected Eg: perphosphate
root name of element + ate Ion has most common number of oxygen Eg: phosphate
root name of element + ite Ion have one less oxygen than expected Eg: phosphite
Hypo + root name of element + ite Ion have two less oxygen than expected Eg: hypophosphite
  • Rules for naming acids that contains oxygen

    1. Identify the name of polyatomic ion.

    2. Convert “ate” to “ic” and “ite” to “ous”.

    3. Finally the word acid should be added.

  • Rules for naming acids that has no oxygen
    1. 1. Add prefix “hydro” to name of anion and “ic” to its ending.
    1. 2. Finally the word acid should be added.

To derive: the chemical name of KClO

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Derive the chemical names of given compounds

Concept introduction:

  • Rules for naming compounds:

    1. Cation should come first followed by anion.

    2. Provide a roman numeral for cation to mention oxidation number of it.

    3. For anion, give root name of anion + ide.

  • Rules for naming polyatomic ions contains oxygen
Per + root name of element + ate Ion have one more oxygen than expected Eg: perphosphate
root name of element + ate Ion has most common number of oxygen Eg: phosphate
root name of element + ite Ion have one less oxygen than expected Eg: phosphite
Hypo + root name of element + ite Ion have two less oxygen than expected Eg: hypophosphite
  • Rules for naming acids that contains oxygen

    1. Identify the name of polyatomic ion.

    2. Convert “ate” to “ic” and “ite” to “ous”.

    3. Finally the word acid should be added.

  • Rules for naming acids that has no oxygen
    1. 3. Add prefix “hydro” to name of anion and “ic” to its ending.
    1. 4. Finally the word acid should be added.

To derive: the chemical name of Ag2CO3

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Derive the chemical names of given compounds

Concept introduction:

  • Rules for naming compounds:

    1. Cation should come first followed by anion.

    2. Provide a roman numeral for cation to mention oxidation number of it.

    3. For anion, give root name of anion + ide.

  • Rules for naming polyatomic ions contains oxygen
Per + root name of element + ate Ion have one more oxygen than expected Eg: perphosphate
root name of element + ate Ion has most common number of oxygen Eg: phosphate
root name of element + ite Ion have one less oxygen than expected Eg: phosphite
Hypo + root name of element + ite Ion have two less oxygen than expected Eg: hypophosphite
  • Rules for naming acids that contains oxygen

    1. Identify the name of polyatomic ion.

    2. Convert “ate” to “ic” and “ite” to “ous”.

    3. Finally the word acid should be added.

  • Rules for naming acids that has no oxygen
    1. 5. Add prefix “hydro” to name of anion and “ic” to its ending.
    1. 6. Finally the word acid should be added.

To derive: the chemical name of HNO2

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Derive the chemical names of given compounds

Concept introduction:

  • Rules for naming compounds:

    1. Cation should come first followed by anion.

    2. Provide a roman numeral for cation to mention oxidation number of it.

    3. For anion, give root name of anion + ide.

  • Rules for naming polyatomic ions contains oxygen
Per + root name of element + ate Ion have one more oxygen than expected Eg: perphosphate
root name of element + ate Ion has most common number of oxygen Eg: phosphate
root name of element + ite Ion have one less oxygen than expected Eg: phosphite
Hypo + root name of element + ite Ion have two less oxygen than expected Eg: hypophosphite
  • Rules for naming acids that contains oxygen

    1. Identify the name of polyatomic ion.

    2. Convert “ate” to “ic” and “ite” to “ous”.

    3. Finally the word acid should be added.

  • Rules for naming acids that has no oxygen
    1. 7. Add prefix “hydro” to name of anion and “ic” to its ending.
    1. 8. Finally the word acid should be added.

To derive: the chemical name of KMnO4

(e)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Derive the chemical names of given compounds

Concept introduction:

  • Rules for naming compounds:

    1. Cation should come first followed by anion.

    2. Provide a roman numeral for cation to mention oxidation number of it.

    3. For anion, give root name of anion + ide.

  • Rules for naming polyatomic ions contains oxygen
Per + root name of element + ate Ion have one more oxygen than expected Eg: perphosphate
root name of element + ate Ion has most common number of oxygen Eg: phosphate
root name of element + ite Ion have one less oxygen than expected Eg: phosphite
Hypo + root name of element + ite Ion have two less oxygen than expected Eg: hypophosphite
  • Rules for naming acids that contains oxygen

    1. Identify the name of polyatomic ion.

    2. Convert “ate” to “ic” and “ite” to “ous”.

    3. Finally the word acid should be added.

  • Rules for naming acids that has no oxygen
    1. 9. Add prefix “hydro” to name of anion and “ic” to its ending.
    1. 10. Finally the word acid should be added.

To derive: The chemical name of CsClO3

(f)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Derive the chemical names of given compounds

Concept introduction:

  • Rules for naming compounds:

    1. Cation should come first followed by anion.

    2. Provide a roman numeral for cation to mention oxidation number of it.

    3. For anion, give root name of anion + ide.

  • Rules for naming polyatomic ions contains oxygen
Per + root name of element + ate Ion have one more oxygen than expected Eg: perphosphate
root name of element + ate Ion has most common number of oxygen Eg: phosphate
root name of element + ite Ion have one less oxygen than expected Eg: phosphite
Hypo + root name of element + ite Ion have two less oxygen than expected Eg: hypophosphite
  • Rules for naming acids that contains oxygen

    1. Identify the name of polyatomic ion.

    2. Convert “ate” to “ic” and “ite” to “ous”.

    3. Finally the word acid should be added.

  • Rules for naming acids that has no oxygen
    1. 11. Add prefix “hydro” to name of anion and “ic” to its ending.
    1. 12. Finally the word acid should be added.

To derive: the chemical name of KNH4SO4.

(g)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Derive the chemical names of given compounds

Concept introduction:

  • Rules for naming compounds:

    1. Cation should come first followed by anion.

    2. Provide a roman numeral for cation to mention oxidation number of it.

    3. For anion, give root name of anion + ide.

  • Rules for naming polyatomic ions contains oxygen
Per + root name of element + ate Ion have one more oxygen than expected Eg: perphosphate
root name of element + ate Ion has most common number of oxygen Eg: phosphate
root name of element + ite Ion have one less oxygen than expected Eg: phosphite
Hypo + root name of element + ite Ion have two less oxygen than expected Eg: hypophosphite
  • Rules for naming acids that contains oxygen

    1. Identify the name of polyatomic ion.

    2. Convert “ate” to “ic” and “ite” to “ous”.

    3. Finally the word acid should be added.

  • Rules for naming acids that has no oxygen
    1. 13. Add prefix “hydro” to name of anion and “ic” to its ending.
    1. 14. Finally the word acid should be added.

To derive: the chemical name of Fe(BrO4)2.

(h)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Derive the chemical names of given compounds

Concept introduction:

  • Rules for naming compounds:

    1. Cation should come first followed by anion.

    2. Provide a roman numeral for cation to mention oxidation number of it.

    3. For anion, give root name of anion + ide.

  • Rules for naming polyatomic ions contains oxygen
Per + root name of element + ate Ion have one more oxygen than expected Eg: perphosphate
root name of element + ate Ion has most common number of oxygen Eg: phosphate
root name of element + ite Ion have one less oxygen than expected Eg: phosphite
Hypo + root name of element + ite Ion have two less oxygen than expected Eg: hypophosphite
  • Rules for naming acids that contains oxygen

    1. Identify the name of polyatomic ion.

    2. Convert “ate” to “ic” and “ite” to “ous”.

    3. Finally the word acid should be added.

  • Rules for naming acids that has no oxygen
    1. 15. Add prefix “hydro” to name of anion and “ic” to its ending.
    1. 16. Finally the word acid should be added.

To derive: the chemical name of K2HPO4.

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