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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Write a chemical equation for the preparation of each of the salts in Problem 16-58 using an acid–base neutralization reaction.

Chapter 5, Problem 5.62EP, Write a chemical equation for the preparation of each of the salts in Problem 16-58 using an , example  1

Chapter 5, Problem 5.62EP, Write a chemical equation for the preparation of each of the salts in Problem 16-58 using an , example  2

Chapter 5, Problem 5.62EP, Write a chemical equation for the preparation of each of the salts in Problem 16-58 using an , example  3

Chapter 5, Problem 5.62EP, Write a chemical equation for the preparation of each of the salts in Problem 16-58 using an , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Chemical equation for the preparation of given carboxylic acid salt using acid‑base neutralization reaction has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.  Similar to carboxylic acid it reacts with strong base to form carboxylic acid salt and water.

Carboxylic acid forms carboxylic acid salt by reacting with a strong base.  The general reaction scheme for the formation of carboxylic acid salt is given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.62EP , additional homework tip  1

This is similar to the reaction of inorganic acids with base.

Explanation

Given carboxylic acid salt is,

The structure given above contains a positive ion with +2 charge and a carboxylate ion with -1 charge with coefficient 2.  Calcium ion should have come from strong base.  Formate ion should have come from its parent acid...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Chemical equation for the preparation of given carboxylic acid salt using acid‑base neutralization reaction has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.  Similar to carboxylic acid it reacts with strong base to form carboxylic acid salt and water.

Carboxylic acid forms carboxylic acid salt by reacting with a strong base.  The general reaction scheme for the formation of carboxylic acid salt is given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.62EP , additional homework tip  2

This is similar to the reaction of inorganic acids with base.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Chemical equation for the preparation of given carboxylic acid salt using acid‑base neutralization reaction has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.  Similar to carboxylic acid it reacts with strong base to form carboxylic acid salt and water.

Carboxylic acid forms carboxylic acid salt by reacting with a strong base.  The general reaction scheme for the formation of carboxylic acid salt is given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.62EP , additional homework tip  3

This is similar to the reaction of inorganic acids with base.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Chemical equation for the preparation of given carboxylic acid salt using acid‑base neutralization reaction has to be given.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.  Similar to carboxylic acid it reacts with strong base to form carboxylic acid salt and water.

Carboxylic acid forms carboxylic acid salt by reacting with a strong base.  The general reaction scheme for the formation of carboxylic acid salt is given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.62EP , additional homework tip  4

This is similar to the reaction of inorganic acids with base.

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