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Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759
BuyFind

Introduction to General, Organic a...

11th Edition
Frederick A. Bettelheim + 4 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781285869759

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 5, Problem 5.88P
Textbook Problem
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5-88 (Chemical Connections 5B) In carbon monoxide poisoning, the hemoglobin is incapable of transporting oxygen to the tissues. How does the oxygen get delivered to the cells when a patient is put into a hyperbaric chamber?

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

When the patients are in the hyperbaric chamber how the oxygen gets delivered to the cells should be discussed.

Concept Introduction:

When the atmosphere contains excess carbon monoxide which is an odourless and tasteless gas our body inhales it instead of oxygen that can lead to serious damages of tissues and even causes death.

Explanation of Solution

Given information:

When the carbon monoxide is poisoned the hemoglobin is incapable of transporting oxygen to the tissues.

The air in the atmosphere has 21 percent of oxygen. The cells of the tissues demand more oxygen by the delivery of the required oxygen. The remedy of this situation is that the oxygen percentage is increased in the atmosphere for the patients.

At the same time it also is not enough to breathe pure oxygen which is hundred percent. When the carbon monoxide in the air is poisoned the hemoglobin binds carbon dioxide and does not carry oxygen to blood in the tissues from the lungs. So this makes the tissues crave for more oxygen otherwise the patient will die. The oxygen gets dissolved in the plasma so that tissues gets more oxygen without the help from hemoglobin that has been poisoned...

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry
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Ch. 5.10 - Problem 5-11 What will happen to water vapor if it...Ch. 5 - 5-12 A weather report says that the barometric...Ch. 5 - 5-13 Use the kinetic molecular theory to explain...Ch. 5 - 5-14 Use the kinetic molecular theory to explain...Ch. 5 - 5-15 Name three ways by which the volume of a gas...Ch. 5 - 5-16 Answer true or false. (a) For a sample of gas...Ch. 5 - 5-17 A sample of gas has a volume of 6.20 L at...Ch. 5 - 5-18 Methane gas is compressed from 20. L to 2.5 L...Ch. 5 - 5-19 A gas syringe at 20°C contains 20.0 mL of CO2...Ch. 5 - 5-20 Suppose that the pressure in an automobile...Ch. 5 - 5-21 A sample of 23.0 L of NH3 gas at 10.0°C is...Ch. 5 - 5-22 If a sample of 4.17 L of ethane gas, C2H6, at...Ch. 5 - 5-23 A sample of SO2 gas has a volume of 5.2 L. It...Ch. 5 - 5-24 A sample of B2H6 gas in a 35-mL container is...Ch. 5 - 5-25 A gas in a bulb as in Figure 5-3 registers a...Ch. 5 - 5-26 In an autoclave, a constant amount of steam...Ch. 5 - 5-27 A sample of the inhalation anesthetic gas...Ch. 5 - 5-28 Complete this table: 546 L 43°C 6.5 atm 65°C...Ch. 5 - 5-29 Complete this table: 6.35 L 10°C 0.75 atm 0°C...Ch. 5 - 5-30 A balloon filled with 1.2 L of helium at 25°C...Ch. 5 - 5-31 A balloon used for atmospheric research has a...Ch. 5 - 5-32 A gas occupies 56.44 L at 2.00 atm and 310. K...Ch. 5 - 5-33 A certain quantity of helium gas is at a...Ch. 5 - 5-34 A sample of 30.0 mL of krypton gas, Kr, is at...Ch. 5 - 5-35 A 26.4-mL sample of ethylene gas, C2H4, has a...Ch. 5 - Prob. 5.36PCh. 5 - 5-37 A sample of a gas at 77°C and 1.33 atm...Ch. 5 - 5-38 What is the volume in liters occupied by 1.21...Ch. 5 - 5-39 An 8.00-g sample of a gas occupies 22.4 L at...Ch. 5 - 5-40 What volume is occupied by 5.8 g of propane...Ch. 5 - 5-41 Does the density of a gas increase, decrease,...Ch. 5 - 5-42 What volume in milliliters does 0.275 g of...Ch. 5 - 5-43 A hyperbaric chamber has a volume of 200. L....Ch. 5 - 5-44 One breath of air has a volume of 2 L at STP....Ch. 5 - 5-45 An average pair of lungs has a volume of 5.5...Ch. 5 - 5-46 Calculate the molar mass of a gas if 3.30 g...Ch. 5 - 5-47 The three main components of dry air and the...Ch. 5 - 5-48 The density ofFreon-12, CCI2F2 at STP is 4.99...Ch. 5 - 5-49 Calculate the density in g/L of each of these...Ch. 5 - 5-50 How many molecules of CO are in 100. L of CO...Ch. 5 - 5-51 The density of liquid octane, C8H18, is...Ch. 5 - 5-52 The density of acetylene gas, C2H2, in a 4-L...Ch. 5 - 5-53 Sodium metal reacts explosively with...Ch. 5 - 5-54 Automobile air bags are inflated by nitrogen...Ch. 5 - 5-55 Answer true or false. (a) Partial pressure is...Ch. 5 - 5-56 The three main components of dry air and the...Ch. 5 - 5-57 Air in the trachea contains oxygen (19.4%),...Ch. 5 - 5-58 The partial pressures of a mixture of gases...Ch. 5 - 5-59 Answer true or false. (a) According to the...Ch. 5 - 5-60 Compare and contrast Dalton's atomic theory...Ch. 5 - 5-61 Answer true or false. (a) Of the forces of...Ch. 5 - 5-62 Which forces are stronger, intramolecular...Ch. 5 - 5-63 Under which condition does water vapor behave...Ch. 5 - 5-64 Can water and dimethyl sulfoxide, (CH3)2S=O,...Ch. 5 - 5-65 What kind of intermolecular interactions take...Ch. 5 - 5-66 Ethanol, C2H5OH, and carbon dioxide, CO2,...Ch. 5 - 5-67 Can dipole—dipole interactions ever be weaker...Ch. 5 - 5-68 Which compound has a higher boiling point:...Ch. 5 - 5-69 Answer true or false. (a) The ideal gas law...Ch. 5 - 5-70 The melting point of chloroethane, CH3CH2CI,...Ch. 5 - 5-71 Answer true or false. (a) Formation of a...Ch. 5 - 5-72 Identify the type of crystalline solid (i.e.,...Ch. 5 - 5-73 Answer true or false. (a) A phase change from...Ch. 5 - 5-74 Calculate the specific heat (Section 1-9) of...Ch. 5 - 5-75 The heat of vaporization of liquid Freon-12,...Ch. 5 - 5-76 The specific heat (Section 1-9) of mercury is...Ch. 5 - 5-77 Using Figure 5-14, estimate the vapor...Ch. 5 - 5-78 CH4 and H2O have about the same molecular...Ch. 5 - 5-79 The normal boiling point of a substance...Ch. 5 - 5-80 Refer to Figure 5-19. How many calories are...Ch. 5 - 5-81 Compare the number of calories absorbed when...Ch. 5 - 5-82 (a) How much energy is released when 10. g of...Ch. 5 - 5-83 When iodine vapor hits a cold surface, iodine...Ch. 5 - 5-84 If a 156-g block of dry ice, CO2, is sublimed...Ch. 5 - 5-85 Trichlorofluoromethane (Freon-11, CCI3F) as a...Ch. 5 - 5-86 Using the phase diagram of water (Figure...Ch. 5 - 5-87 (Chemical Connections 5A) What happens when a...Ch. 5 - 5-88 (Chemical Connections 5B) In carbon monoxide...Ch. 5 - 5-89 (Chemical Connections 5C) In a...Ch. 5 - 5-90 (Chemical Connections 5D) Why is the damage...Ch. 5 - 5-91 (Chemical Connections 5D) If you fill a glass...Ch. 5 - 5-92 (Chemical Connections 5E) In what way does...Ch. 5 - 5-93 Why is it difficult to compress a liquid or a...Ch. 5 - 5-94 Explain in terms of the kinetic molecular...Ch. 5 - 5-95 The unit of pressure most commonly used for...Ch. 5 - 5-96 The gas in an aerosol can is at a pressure of...Ch. 5 - 5-97 Why do aerosol cans carry the warning "Do not...Ch. 5 - 5-98 Under certain weather conditions (just before...Ch. 5 - 5-99 An ideal gas occupies 387 mL at 275 mmHg and...Ch. 5 - 5-100 Arrange the following solids in order of...Ch. 5 - 5-101 On the basis of what you have learned about...Ch. 5 - 5-102 A 10-L gas cylinder is filled with N2 to a...Ch. 5 - 5-103 When filled, a typical tank for an outdoor...Ch. 5 - 5-104 Explain why many gases are transparent.Ch. 5 - 5-105 The density of a gas is 0.00300 g/cm3 at...Ch. 5 - 5-106 The normal boiling point of hexane, C6H14,...Ch. 5 - 5-107 If 60.0 g of NH3 occupies 35.1 L under a...Ch. 5 - 5-108 Water is a liquid at STP. 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