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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

For each of the following type of compounds, all of which have the general formula Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP, For each of the following type of compounds, all of which have the general formula , indicate , example  1, indicate whether the “C─Z bond” is polar or nonpolar.

a. Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP, For each of the following type of compounds, all of which have the general formula , indicate , example  2

Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP, For each of the following type of compounds, all of which have the general formula , indicate , example  3

Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP, For each of the following type of compounds, all of which have the general formula , indicate , example  4

Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP, For each of the following type of compounds, all of which have the general formula , indicate , example  5

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The “CZ” bond in the general formula of carboxylic derivative is polar or nonpolar has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  1

If a hydroxyl group is attached to a carbonyl group means it is known as carboxyl group.  This can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  2

Carboxylic acid derivatives are the ones that are synthesized from or converted to a carboxylic acid.  The generalized structural representation of carboxylic acid derivatives is shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  3

In the carboxylic acid derivatives, if the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to a more electronegative atom means, then the bond will be polar and is it is bonded to carbon atom means then it will be nonpolar.

Explanation

The general structure of carboxylic acid is,

The atom in entity Z that is bonded to the carbonyl carbon atom is not a carbon atom.  It is an oxygen atom...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The “CZ” bond in the general formula of carboxylic derivative is polar or nonpolar has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  4

If a hydroxyl group is attached to a carbonyl group means it is known as carboxyl group.  This can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  5

Carboxylic acid derivatives are the ones that are synthesized from or converted to a carboxylic acid.  The generalized structural representation of carboxylic acid derivatives is shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  6

In the carboxylic acid derivatives, if the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to a more electronegative atom means, then the bond will be polar and is it is bonded to carbon atom means then it will be nonpolar.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The “CZ” bond in the general formula of carboxylic derivative is polar or nonpolar has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  7

If a hydroxyl group is attached to a carbonyl group means it is known as carboxyl group.  This can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  8

Carboxylic acid derivatives are the ones that are synthesized from or converted to a carboxylic acid.  The generalized structural representation of carboxylic acid derivatives is shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  9

In the carboxylic acid derivatives, if the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to a more electronegative atom means, then the bond will be polar and is it is bonded to carbon atom means then it will be nonpolar.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The “CZ” bond in the general formula of carboxylic derivative is polar or nonpolar has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  10

If a hydroxyl group is attached to a carbonyl group means it is known as carboxyl group.  This can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  11

Carboxylic acid derivatives are the ones that are synthesized from or converted to a carboxylic acid.  The generalized structural representation of carboxylic acid derivatives is shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.8EP , additional homework tip  12

In the carboxylic acid derivatives, if the carbonyl carbon atom is bonded to a more electronegative atom means, then the bond will be polar and is it is bonded to carbon atom means then it will be nonpolar.

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