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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following esters.

Chapter 5, Problem 5.93EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following esters. , example  1

Chapter 5, Problem 5.93EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following esters. , example  2

Chapter 5, Problem 5.93EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following esters. , example  3

Chapter 5, Problem 5.93EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following esters. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name for the ester given has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an ester, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains an acyl group and an alkyl group.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.93EP , additional homework tip  1

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an ester:

  • Alkyl part appears first in the IUPAC name and it is followed by the acyl part of ester as a separate word.
  • Name of the alkyl part in the ester is just a name of R group.  It can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.
  • Acyl part present in the ester is named by considering the acid name and replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.
  • To obtain the common name the alkyl part name is the same while the acyl part name is derived from the common name of the acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

In line-angle structural formula, the point where two lines intersect and the end point represent a carbon atom.

Explanation

Given structure of ester is,

The alkyl and acyl group is identified as shown below,

Alkyl group contains only two carbon atoms.  Hence alkyl group is named as ethyl.  The acyl group contains four carbon atoms...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name for the ester given has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an ester, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains an acyl group and an alkyl group.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.93EP , additional homework tip  2

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an ester:

  • Alkyl part appears first in the IUPAC name and it is followed by the acyl part of ester as a separate word.
  • Name of the alkyl part in the ester is just a name of R group.  It can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.
  • Acyl part present in the ester is named by considering the acid name and replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.
  • To obtain the common name the alkyl part name is the same while the acyl part name is derived from the common name of the acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

In line-angle structural formula, the point where two lines intersect and the end point represent a carbon atom.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name for the ester given has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an ester, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains an acyl group and an alkyl group.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.93EP , additional homework tip  3

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an ester:

  • Alkyl part appears first in the IUPAC name and it is followed by the acyl part of ester as a separate word.
  • Name of the alkyl part in the ester is just a name of R group.  It can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.
  • Acyl part present in the ester is named by considering the acid name and replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.
  • To obtain the common name the alkyl part name is the same while the acyl part name is derived from the common name of the acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

In line-angle structural formula, the point where two lines intersect and the end point represent a carbon atom.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The IUPAC name for the ester given has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming an ester, it can be structurally viewed in a way that contains an acyl group and an alkyl group.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.93EP , additional homework tip  4

Rules to obtain IUPAC name and common name for an ester:

  • Alkyl part appears first in the IUPAC name and it is followed by the acyl part of ester as a separate word.
  • Name of the alkyl part in the ester is just a name of R group.  It can be alkyl, cycloalkyl, or aryl group.
  • Acyl part present in the ester is named by considering the acid name and replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.
  • To obtain the common name the alkyl part name is the same while the acyl part name is derived from the common name of the acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

In line-angle structural formula, the point where two lines intersect and the end point represent a carbon atom.

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