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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw a structural formula for each of the following esters.

  1. a. Methyl formate
  2. b. Ethyl phenylacetate
  3. c. Isopropyl acetate
  4. d. 2-Bromopropyl ethanoate

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula for methyl formate has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

General structure of ester can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.95EP , additional homework tip  1

From an IUPAC name, the structure of the ester can be derived.  IUPAC name of ester consists of two parts.  In an IUPAC name of ester, the first part of the name is the alkyl part and the second part is the acyl part.  Alkyl group have come from the alcohol and acyl part from carboxylic acid.

The same rule applies for deriving a structure from common name.  The only difference is the acyl part name.  The acyl part is named using the common name of carboxylic acid.

Explanation

Given name of the ester is methyl formate.  From the given IUPAC name, the alkyl part is identified as methyl and the acyl part is identified as formate.  Alkyl part, namely methyl contains only one carbon atom.  Acyl part, namely formate also contains only one carbon atom...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula for ethyl phenylacetate has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

General structure of ester can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.95EP , additional homework tip  2

From an IUPAC name, the structure of the ester can be derived.  IUPAC name of ester consists of two parts.  In an IUPAC name of ester, the first part of the name is the alkyl part and the second part is the acyl part.  Alkyl group have come from the alcohol and acyl part from carboxylic acid.

The same rule applies for deriving a structure from common name.  The only difference is the acyl part name.  The acyl part is named using the common name of carboxylic acid.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula for isopropyl acetate has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

General structure of ester can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.95EP , additional homework tip  3

From an IUPAC name, the structure of the ester can be derived.  IUPAC name of ester consists of two parts.  In an IUPAC name of ester, the first part of the name is the alkyl part and the second part is the acyl part.  Alkyl group have come from the alcohol and acyl part from carboxylic acid.

The same rule applies for deriving a structure from common name.  The only difference is the acyl part name.  The acyl part is named using the common name of carboxylic acid.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Structural formula for 2-bromopropyl ethanoate has to be drawn.

Concept Introduction:

General structure of ester can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.95EP , additional homework tip  4

From an IUPAC name, the structure of the ester can be derived.  IUPAC name of ester consists of two parts.  In an IUPAC name of ester, the first part of the name is the alkyl part and the second part is the acyl part.  Alkyl group have come from the alcohol and acyl part from carboxylic acid.

The same rule applies for deriving a structure from common name.  The only difference is the acyl part name.  The acyl part is named using the common name of carboxylic acid.

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