John Thomas, vice president of Mallett Company (a producer of a variety of plastic products), has been supervising the implementation of an ABC management system. John wants to improve process efficiency by improving the activities that define the processes. To illustrate the potential of the new system to the president, John has decided to focus on two processes: production and customer service. Within each process, one activity will be selected for improvement: materials usage for production and sustaining engineering for customer service (sustaining engineers are responsible for redesigning products based on customer needs and feedback). Value-added standards are identified for each activity. For materials usage, the value-added standard calls for six pounds per unit of output (the products differ in shape and function, but their weight is uniform). The value-added standard is based on the elimination of all waste due to defective molds. The standard price of materials is $5 per pound. For sustaining engineering, the standard is 58% of current practical activity capacity. This standard is based on the fact that about 42% of the complaints have to do with design features that could have been avoided or anticipated by the company. Current practical capacity (at the end of 20X1) is defined by the following requirements: 6,000 engineering hours for each product group that has been on the market or in development for 5 years or less and 2,400 hours per product group of more than 5 years. Four product groups have less than 5 years’ experience, and 10 product groups have more. Each of the 24 engineers is paid a salary of $60,000. Each engineer can provide 2,000 hours of service per year. No other significant costs are incurred for the engineering activity. Actual materials usage for 20X1 was 25% above the level called for by the value-added standard; engineering usage was 46,000 hours. A total of 80,000 units of output were produced. John and the operational managers have selected some improvement measures that promise to reduce nonvalue-added activity usage by 40% in 20X2. Selected actual results achieved for 20X2 are as follows: The actual prices paid for materials and engineering hours are identical to the standard or budgeted prices. Required: 1. For 20X1, calculate the nonvalue-added usage and costs for materials usage and sustaining engineering. 2. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Using the budgeted improvements, calculate the expected activity usage levels for 20X2. Now, compute the 20X2 usage variances (the difference between the expected and actual values), expressed in both physical and financial measures, for materials and engineering. Comment on the company’s ability to achieve its targeted reductions. In particular, discuss what measures the company must take to capture any realized reductions in resource usage.

BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773
BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773

Solutions

Chapter 5, Problem 61P
Textbook Problem

John Thomas, vice president of Mallett Company (a producer of a variety of plastic products), has been supervising the implementation of an ABC management system. John wants to improve process efficiency by improving the activities that define the processes. To illustrate the potential of the new system to the president, John has decided to focus on two processes: production and customer service.

Within each process, one activity will be selected for improvement: materials usage for production and sustaining engineering for customer service (sustaining engineers are responsible for redesigning products based on customer needs and feedback). Value-added standards are identified for each activity. For materials usage, the value-added standard calls for six pounds per unit of output (the products differ in shape and function, but their weight is uniform). The value-added standard is based on the elimination of all waste due to defective molds. The standard price of materials is $5 per pound. For sustaining engineering, the standard is 58% of current practical activity capacity. This standard is based on the fact that about 42% of the complaints have to do with design features that could have been avoided or anticipated by the company.

Current practical capacity (at the end of 20X1) is defined by the following requirements: 6,000 engineering hours for each product group that has been on the market or in development for 5 years or less and 2,400 hours per product group of more than 5 years. Four product groups have less than 5 years’ experience, and 10 product groups have more. Each of the 24 engineers is paid a salary of $60,000. Each engineer can provide 2,000 hours of service per year. No other significant costs are incurred for the engineering activity.

Actual materials usage for 20X1 was 25% above the level called for by the value-added standard; engineering usage was 46,000 hours. A total of 80,000 units of output were produced. John and the operational managers have selected some improvement measures that promise to reduce nonvalue-added activity usage by 40% in 20X2. Selected actual results achieved for 20X2 are as follows:

Chapter 5, Problem 61P, John Thomas, vice president of Mallett Company (a producer of a variety of plastic products), has

The actual prices paid for materials and engineering hours are identical to the standard or budgeted prices.

Required:

  1. 1. For 20X1, calculate the nonvalue-added usage and costs for materials usage and sustaining engineering.
  2. 2. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Using the budgeted improvements, calculate the expected activity usage levels for 20X2. Now, compute the 20X2 usage variances (the difference between the expected and actual values), expressed in both physical and financial measures, for materials and engineering. Comment on the company’s ability to achieve its targeted reductions. In particular, discuss what measures the company must take to capture any realized reductions in resource usage.

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Chapter 5 Solutions

Managerial Accounting: The Cornerstone of Business Decision-Making
Ch. 5 - What is driver analysis? What role does it play in...Ch. 5 - What are value-added activities? Value-added...Ch. 5 - What are nonvalue-added activities? Nonvalue-added...Ch. 5 - Identify and define four different ways to manage...Ch. 5 - What is cycle time? Velocity?Ch. 5 - A batch-level driver is consumed by a product each...Ch. 5 - Which of the following is a nonunit-level driver?...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Multiple-Choice...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Multiple-Choice...Ch. 5 - The first stage of ABC entails the assignment of...Ch. 5 - The second stage of ABC entails the assignment of...Ch. 5 - Interview questions are asked to determine a. what...Ch. 5 - The receiving department employs one worker who...Ch. 5 - Assume that the moving activity has an expected...Ch. 5 - Which of the following is a true statement about...Ch. 5 - Which of the following is a true statement about...Ch. 5 - This year, Lambert Company will ship 1,500,000...Ch. 5 - Lambert Company has two suppliers: Deming and...Ch. 5 - A forklift and its driver used for moving...Ch. 5 - Which of the following are nonvalue-added...Ch. 5 - Suppose that a company is spending 60,000 per year...Ch. 5 - The cost of inspecting incoming parts is most...Ch. 5 - Thom Company produces 60 units in 10 hours. The...Ch. 5 - Thom Company produces 60 units in 10 hours. The...Ch. 5 - Striving to produce the same activity output with...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 5 - Calculating ABC Unit Costs Perkins National Bank...Ch. 5 - Assigning Costs to Activities McCourt Company...Ch. 5 - Activity-Based Customer Costing Sleepeze Company...Ch. 5 - Activity-Based Supplier Costing Clearsound uses...Ch. 5 - Nonvalue-Added Costs Lemmons Inc. has the...Ch. 5 - Velocity and Cycle Time Kolby Company takes 36,000...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Brief Exercises...Ch. 5 - Calculating ABC Unit Costs Community Credit Union...Ch. 5 - Assigning Costs to Activities Craig Company...Ch. 5 - Activity-Based Customer Costing Limpio Company...Ch. 5 - Activity-Based Supplier Costing Blackburn Inc....Ch. 5 - Nonvalue-Added Costs Evans Inc. has the following...Ch. 5 - Velocity and Cycle Time Tara Company takes 8,000...Ch. 5 - Consumption Ratios; Activity Rates Saludable...Ch. 5 - Activity Rates Patten Company uses activity-based...Ch. 5 - Comparing ABC and Plantwide Overhead Cost...Ch. 5 - Activity-Based Product Costing Suppose that a...Ch. 5 - Assigning Costs to Activities, Resource Drivers...Ch. 5 - Activity-Based Customer-Driven Costs Suppose that...Ch. 5 - Activity-Based Supplier Costing Bowman Company...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Exercises 5-44...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Exercises 5-44...Ch. 5 - Use the following information for Exercises 5-44...Ch. 5 - Cycle Time and Velocity In the first quarter of...Ch. 5 - Product-Costing Accuracy, Consumption Ratios Plata...Ch. 5 - Product-Costing Accuracy, Consumption Ratios,...Ch. 5 - Formation of an Activity Dictionary A hospital is...Ch. 5 - Activity Rates and Activity-Based Product Costing...Ch. 5 - Value- and Nonvalue-Added Costs Waterfun...Ch. 5 - Functional-Based versus Activity-Based Costing For...Ch. 5 - Plantwide versus Departmental Rates,...Ch. 5 - Production-Based Costing versus Activity-Based...Ch. 5 - Elmo Clinic has identified three activities for...Ch. 5 - Customers as a Cost Object Morrisom National Bank...Ch. 5 - Grundvig Manufacturing produces several types of...Ch. 5 - Activity-Based Supplier Costing Levy Inc....Ch. 5 - Danna Martin, president of Mays Electronics, was...Ch. 5 - John Thomas, vice president of Mallett Company (a...Ch. 5 - Cycle Time, Velocity, Product Costing Goldman...Ch. 5 - Sharp Paper Inc. has three paper mills, one of...Ch. 5 - Consider the following conversation between...

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