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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

What causes adiabatic cooling? How is it different from the environmental lapse rate?

To determine

Adiabatic cooling and the way in which it is different from the environmental lapse rate.

Explanation

When a parcel of air rises from the surface, it experiences a decrease in the atmospheric pressure with the altitude. Hence, it expands, allowing the air molecules to spread out. As they spread out, the total temperature of the parcel of air decreases, which is known as adiabatic cooling.

The parcel of air, as it loses its temperature, reaches its dew point and condenses to form cloud droplets. After condensation, the rate of adiabatic cooling is comparatively lower because of the latent heat of condensation that is released into the air parcel...

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