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Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

2nd Edition
James Petersen
ISBN: 9781133606536
Textbook Problem

How and why does the wet adiabatic lapse rate differ from the dry adiabatic lapse rate?

To determine

The way in which wet adiabatic lapse rate differs from dry adiabatic lapse rate.

Explanation

When the parcel of air rises from the surface, they experience the decrease in the atmospheric pressure with the altitude. Hence, they expand, which allows the air molecules to spread out. As they spread out, the total temperature of the parcel of air decreases, which is known as adiabatic cooling.

The parcel of air as it loses its temperature reaches its dew point and condenses to form cloud droplets. After condensation, the rate of adiabatic cooling is comparatively lower because of the latent heat of condensation that is released into the air parcel...

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