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Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (...

6th Edition
Judith E. Brown
ISBN: 9781305628007
Textbook Problem

_______ Assume Minh, who weighed 123 pounds and was 5′4″ tall prior to pregnancy, is diagnosed with gestational diabetes at 25 weeks of gestation. She is referred to a registered dietitian for medical nutrition therapy. Which of the following statements of advice would be appropriate for the dietitian state related to Mirth’s dietary intake?

  1. a. Eat only carbohydrates that are not white.
  2. b. Reduce salt intake to a minimum.
  3. c. Reduce calorie intake to less than 1900 calories per day.
  4. d. Distribute carbohydrate intake across meals and snacks.

Summary Introduction

Introduction: Diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy (in women with no prior history of diabetes) is called gestational diabetes. Women who develop gestational diabetes tend to have insulin resistance or with a predisposition to insulin resistance. The condition can worsen due to physiological changes that occur during pregnancy.

Explanation

Given information:

Person M has a weight of 123 pounds and is 5' 4" height prior to pregnancy. At 25th week of pregnancy she is diagnosed with gestational diabetes. For a medical nutrition therapy Person M is referred to a registered dietitian.

Reason for the correct answer:

Option d. is given as “Distribute carbohydrate intake across meals and snacks”.

Carbohydrates are an essential dietary component in pregnancy as they provide the necessary energy to the mother and the fetus. Carbohydrates are digested by the body to form glucose which is then released into the blood that is transported to the cells for energy production. However, in gestational diabetes, the release of glucose should be in a sustained manner to prevent increased glucose levels in the blood. Therefore, it is essential to distribute the carbohydrates intake such that a rapid high release of glucose does not occur.

Hence, option d. is correct.

Reasons for incorrect answers:

Option a. is given as “Eat only carbohydrates that are not white”...

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