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KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale 3. Celsius scale 4. Kelvin scale 5. kelvin 6. heat (5.2) 7. calorie 8. kilocalorie 9. Btu 10. specific heat (5.3) 11. latent heat 12. conduction (5.4) 13. convection 14. radiation 15. phases of matter (5.5) 16. kinetic theory (5.6) 17. pressure 18. ideal gas law 19. thermodynamics (5.7) 20. first law of thermodynamics 21. heat engine 22. second law of thermodynamics 23. third law of thermodynamics 24. heat pump 25. entropy For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list. h. _____ Never decreases in an isolated system

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An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

An Introduction to Physical Science

14th Edition
James Shipman + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079137
Chapter 5, Problem HM
Textbook Problem
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KEY TERMS

  1. 1. temperature (5.1)
  2. 2. Fahrenheit scale
  3. 3. Celsius scale
  4. 4. Kelvin scale
  5. 5. kelvin
  6. 6. heat (5.2)
  7. 7. calorie
  8. 8. kilocalorie
  9. 9. Btu
  1. 10. specific heat (5.3)
  2. 11. latent heat
  3. 12. conduction (5.4)
  4. 13. convection
  5. 14. radiation
  6. 15. phases of matter (5.5)
  7. 16. kinetic theory (5.6)
  8. 17. pressure
  9. 18. ideal gas law

  1. 19. thermodynamics (5.7)
  2. 20. first law of thermodynamics
  3. 21. heat engine
  4. 22. second law of thermodynamics
  5. 23. third law of thermodynamics
  6. 24. heat pump
  7. 25. entropy

For each of the following items, fill in the number of the appropriate Key Term from the preceding list.

h. _____ Never decreases in an isolated system

To determine

Pick the keyword from the given list: The physical quantity which decreases in an isolated system.

Explanation of Solution

The entropy is defined as the degree of randomness. The change in entropy tells whether the process can take place naturally or not.

When heat is added to the system, the entropy of a system increases due to the disordered motion of the molecule. When the natural process takes place, the randomness of a system increases...

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Chapter 5 Solutions

An Introduction to Physical Science
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Ch. 5.4 - Which type of heat transfer involves mass...Ch. 5.5 - What are the three common phases of matter?Ch. 5.5 - How are the three phases of matter defined in...Ch. 5.6 - In the ideal gas law, pressure is directly...Ch. 5.6 - In kinetic theory, how are the temperature and...Ch. 5.6 - Suppose the initial pressure of the gas in this...Ch. 5.7 - What is the basis of the first law of...Ch. 5.7 - What is the difference between a heat engine and a...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - KEY TERMS 1. temperature (5.1) 2. Fahrenheit scale...Ch. 5 - Temperature is ____ . (5.1) (a) a relative measure...Ch. 5 - Which unit of the following is smaller? (5.2) (a)...Ch. 5 - Which of the following is the largest unit of heat...Ch. 5 - The specific heat of substance A is 10 times that...Ch. 5 - Which of the following methods of heat transfer...Ch. 5 - The heat we get from the Sun is transferred...Ch. 5 - In which of the following is intermolecular...Ch. 5 - Which of the following has a definite volume but...Ch. 5 - If the average kinetic energy of the molecules in...Ch. 5 - When we use the ideal gas law, the temperature...Ch. 5 - When heat is added to a system, it goes into which...Ch. 5 - The direction of a natural process is indicated by...Ch. 5 - When a bimetallic strip is heated, it bends away...Ch. 5 - A ___ difference is necessary for net heat...Ch. 5 - The food Calorie is equal to ___ calories. (5.2)Ch. 5 - From the equation H = mc T, it can be seen that...Ch. 5 - The latent heat of vaporization for water is...Ch. 5 - The boiling point of water may be increased by...Ch. 5 - Electrons contribute significantly to the ___ heat...Ch. 5 - The ___ phase of matter has no definite shape, and...Ch. 5 - The temperature in the ideal gas law is ___...Ch. 5 - In the ideal gas law, pressure is ___ proportional...Ch. 5 - The second law of thermodynamics essentially gives...Ch. 5 - The household refrigerator is a heat ___. (5.7)Ch. 5 - When the temperature changes during the day, which...Ch. 5 - On which temperature scale would a temperature...Ch. 5 - The two common liquids used in liquid-in-glass...Ch. 5 - An older type of thermostat used in furnace and...Ch. 5 - Heat may be thought of as the middleman of energy....Ch. 5 - When one drinking glass is stuck inside another,...Ch. 5 - Heat always flows from a high-temperature body in...Ch. 5 - What does the specific heat of a substance tell...Ch. 5 - When eating a piece of hot apple pie, you may find...Ch. 5 - If equal amounts of heat are added to two...Ch. 5 - When you exhale outdoors on a cold day, you can...Ch. 5 - Compare the SI units of specific heat and latent...Ch. 5 - Give two examples each of good thermal conductors...Ch. 5 - Which would feel colder on your bare feet, a tile...Ch. 5 - Highway road signs give warnings, as shown in ...Ch. 5 - Thermal underwear is made to fit loosely. ( Fig....Ch. 5 - What determines the phase of a substance?Ch. 5 - Give descriptions of a solid, a liquid, and a gas...Ch. 5 - Name the processes of going (a) from a solid to a...Ch. 5 - How does the kinetic theory describe a gas?Ch. 5 - What is meant by an ideal gas?Ch. 5 - When does the behavior of a real gas approximate...Ch. 5 - On the molecular level, what causes gas pressure?Ch. 5 - In terms of kinetic theory, explain why a...Ch. 5 - An inflated balloon is put in a refrigerator, and...Ch. 5 - What does the first law of thermodynamics tell you...Ch. 5 - Explain the following statements in terms of the...Ch. 5 - Why cant entropy be destroyed?Ch. 5 - What can be said about the total entropy of the...Ch. 5 - Can absolute zero be attained? Explain.Ch. 5 - According to the ideal gas law, what would be the...Ch. 5 - Visualize the connections and give answers in the...Ch. 5 - When someone leaves an outside door open on a...Ch. 5 - Why are steam burns more severe than hot water...Ch. 5 - Your automobile has a radiator as part of its...Ch. 5 - When a thermometer is inserted into hot water, the...Ch. 5 - A circular piece is cut from a flat metal sheet (...Ch. 5 - Explain why opening a refrigerator door is not a...Ch. 5 - When you freeze ice cubes in a tray, there is a...Ch. 5 - In the 5.2 Conceptual Question and Answer, an...Ch. 5 - While in Europe, a tourist hears on the radio that...Ch. 5 - Which is the lower temperature: (a) 245C or 245F?...Ch. 5 - Normal room temperature is about 68F. What is the...Ch. 5 - A person is running a temperature of 103F. What is...Ch. 5 - Researchers in the Antarctic measure the...Ch. 5 - The temperature of outer space is about 3 K. 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