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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

Chapter 51, Problem 2ITD, Are all SST anomalies of equal magnitude and duration?

Are all SST anomalies of equal magnitude and duration?

Summary Introduction

To review:

From the given graph, whether the anomalies in the SST (sea surface temperature) were of equal duration and magnitude or not is to be determined.

Biology: The Dynamic Science (MindTap Course List), Chapter 51, Problem 2ITD

Introduction:

El Nino is a Southern oceanic phenomenon that occurs on the western coast of South America and the east coast of Australia, usually around the time of Christmas. The ocean water warms up by a change in the wind direction, and the warm water is pushed towards the western coast of South America. As a result of this, the anchovy fish die, and thus, the food chain is disrupted. The birds that feed on these fishes and whose dung (guano) is a source of fertilizer, also decline in number. Thus, the overall economy of Peru, Ecuador, and Chile suffers upon the arrival of El Nino. The reverse condition of El Nino is called La Nina.

Explanation

From the graph, it can be observed that the magnitude of the SST anomalies was more or less equal in the case of El Nina. On an average, the SST rose by 1.5°C whenever the El Nino was predicted. However, the duration of the anomalies is not even...

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