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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following statements involving structural characteristics of the functional group present in carboxylic acids is incorrect?

  1. a. A carbon–oxygen single bond is present.
  2. b. A carbon–oxygen double bond is present.
  3. c. A carbon–hydrogen single bond is present.
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Incorrect statement has to be chosen considering the functional group of carboxylic acid from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5.1, Problem 2QQ , additional homework tip  1

If a hydroxyl group is attached to a carbonyl group means it is known as carboxyl group.  This can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5.1, Problem 2QQ , additional homework tip  2

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carboxylic acid is a class of organic compound that contain carbonyl group in it.  The functional group of carboxylic acid is the carbonyl group attached to a hydroxyl group.

This group is also known as carboxyl group.  There is no single bond between carbon and hydrogen atom in the above structure.  Therefore, the incorrect statement among the given statement is option (c).  Hence, the correct option is option (c).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that there is a single bond between carbon and oxygen in functional group of carboxylic acid...

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