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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following carboxylic acid derivatives is not an acyl compound?

Chapter 5.1, Problem 4QQ, Which of the following carboxylic acid derivatives is not an acyl compound? a. no correct response , example  1

Chapter 5.1, Problem 4QQ, Which of the following carboxylic acid derivatives is not an acyl compound? a. no correct response , example  2

Chapter 5.1, Problem 4QQ, Which of the following carboxylic acid derivatives is not an acyl compound? a. no correct response , example  3

  1. a. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Carboxylic acid derivative that is not an acyl compound has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5.1, Problem 4QQ , additional homework tip  1

If a hydroxyl group is attached to a carbonyl group means it is known as carboxyl group.  This can be represented as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5.1, Problem 4QQ , additional homework tip  2

Carboxylic acid derivatives are the ones that are synthesized from or converted to a carboxylic acid.  The generalized structural representation of carboxylic acid derivatives is shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5.1, Problem 4QQ , additional homework tip  3

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

The general structure of carboxylic acid derivatives is,

The entity Z is not a carbon atom.  Apart from carbon atom it can be any other atoms.  Therefore, the common structural feature between the carboxylic acid and its derivatives is the acyl group.  Acyl group is represented as shown below,

Among the given options, the compound in option (b) is not an acyl compound.

This is because the carbonyl carbon atom is not bonded to a polar group.  Hence, option (b) is the correct option.

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that CH3COOH is not an acyl compound

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