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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305389892
Textbook Problem

How does Earth’s spherical shape influence temperature and air movements at different latitudes?

Summary Introduction

To review:

The way in which Earth's spherical shape influences air movements and temperature at various latitudes.

Introduction:

Earth is spherical in shape and rotates at an angle of 23.5° on its axis. It also goes around the sun while rotating. Rotation leads to day and night formation, while seasons change due to Earth's revolutionary motion. Earth's shape also affects the diurnal and annual temperature, which, in turn, affects the air movements.

Explanation

As Earth is spherical in shape, different areas of the Earth receive unequal sunlight. The equatorial region always receivesan equal amount of sunlight year round, which makes this region hot. As the temperature is high, the surrounding air warms up and rises. These air masses take along with them moisture and bring about heavy precipitation.

At the poles, the sun rays are slanting and, thus, scatter causing a low temperature...

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